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dc.contributor.authorNaveed, M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAyday, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorClayton, E.W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFellay J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGunter, C.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHubaux J.-P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMalin, B.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWang, X.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-08T09:45:22Z
dc.date.available2016-02-08T09:45:22Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifier.issn0360-0300
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/21370
dc.description.abstractGenome sequencing technology has advanced at a rapid pace and it is now possible to generate highlydetailed genotypes inexpensively. The collection and analysis of such data has the potential to support various applications, including personalized medical services. While the benefits of the genomics revolution are trumpeted by the biomedical community, the increased availability of such data has major implications for personal privacy; notably because the genome has certain essential features, which include (but are not limited to) (i) an association with traits and certain diseases, (ii) identification capability (e.g., forensics), and (iii) revelation of family relationships. Moreover, direct-to-consumer DNA testing increases the likelihood that genome data will be made available in less regulated environments, such as the Internet and for-profit companies. The problem of genome data privacy thus resides at the crossroads of computer science, medicine, and public policy. While the computer scientists have addressed data privacy for various data types, there has been less attention dedicated to genomic data. Thus, the goal of this paper is to provide a systematization of knowledge for the computer science community. In doing so, we address some of the (sometimes erroneous) beliefs of this field and we report on a survey we conducted about genome data privacy with biomedical specialists. Then, after characterizing the genome privacy problem, we review the state-of-the-art regarding privacy attacks on genomic data and strategies for mitigating such attacks, as well as contextualizing these attacks from the perspective of medicine and public policy. This paper concludes with an enumeration of the challenges for genome data privacy and presents a framework to systematize the analysis of threats and the design of countermeasures as the field moves forward. © 2015 ACM 0360-0300/2015/08-ART6 $15.00.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.source.titleACM Computing Surveysen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2767007en_US
dc.subjectBiomedical researchen_US
dc.subjectGenomics privacyen_US
dc.subjectHealth careen_US
dc.subjectRecreational genomicsen_US
dc.subjectSecurityen_US
dc.subjectComputer privacyen_US
dc.subjectGenesen_US
dc.subjectHealth careen_US
dc.subjectPublic policyen_US
dc.subjectBiomedical communityen_US
dc.subjectBiomedical researchen_US
dc.subjectComputer scientistsen_US
dc.subjectEssential featuresen_US
dc.subjectGenome sequencingen_US
dc.subjectGenomicsen_US
dc.subjectGenomics revolutionen_US
dc.subjectSecurityen_US
dc.subjectData privacyen_US
dc.titlePrivacy in the genomic eraen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Computer Engineeringen_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber48en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber1en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1145/2767007en_US
dc.publisherAssociation for Computing Machineryen_US


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