Asymmetric Fabry-Perot-type transmission in photonic-crystal gratings with one-sided corrugations at a two-way coupling
Physical Review A
American Physical Society
053835-1 - 053835-9
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Strongly asymmetric Fabry-Perot-type transmission arising at the two-way coupling has been studied in the case of normal incidence for slabs of two-dimensional photonic crystals (PCs) with one-sided corrugations that are made of linear isotropic materials. Comparing to the scenario of unidirectional transmission known for the structures with broken spatial inversion symmetry that requires zero order being uncoupled, in the studied mechanism zero order is either the sole order or one of the orders that may be coupled to a Floquet-Bloch mode. Contrary to the earlier studies of asymmetric transmission at the coupled zero order, structures with nondeep corrugations are considered, which allow one to combine Fabry-Perot-type total-transmission maxima with diffractions in a desired way. At a proper choice of PC lattice and corrugation parameters, higher orders can dominate in Fabry-Perot-type transmission at the noncorrugated-side illumination and also at the total-transmission maxima, whereas only zero order contributes to the transmission at the corrugated-side illumination. As a result, strong asymmetry can be obtained without uncoupling of zero order but it invokes the unidirectional contribution of higher orders. The presented results show that the entire structure can be approximately decomposed into the two independent, regular and grating (nonregular), parts whose contributions to the transmission are additive. Multiple asymmetric transmission maxima can coexist with a rather high equivalent group index of refraction. Possible applications of the studied transmission mechanism are discussed.
Spatial inversion symmetry
Two-dimensional photonic crystals