SAR image reconstruction and autofocus by compressed sensing
Digital Signal Processing: A Review Journal
923 - 932
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A new SAR signal processing technique based on compressed sensing is proposed for autofocused image reconstruction on subsampled raw SAR data. It is shown that, if the residual phase error after INS/GPS corrected platform motion is captured in the signal model, then the optimal autofocused image formation can be formulated as a sparse reconstruction problem. To further improve image quality, the total variation of the reconstruction is used as a penalty term. In order to demonstrate the performance of the proposed technique in wide-band SAR systems, the measurements used in the reconstruction are formed by a new under-sampling pattern that can be easily implemented in practice by using slower rate A/D converters. Under a variety of metrics for the reconstruction quality, it is demonstrated that, even at high under-sampling ratios, the proposed technique provides reconstruction quality comparable to that obtained by the classical techniques which require full-band data without any under-sampling.
Synthetic aperture radar