Must punishment be intended to cause suffering ?
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice
863 - 877
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Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/20869
It has recently been suggested that the fact that punishment involves an intention to cause suffering undermines expressive justifications of punishment. I argue that while punishment must involve harsh treatment, harsh treatment need not involve an intention to cause suffering. Expressivists should adopt this conception of harsh treatment.