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dc.contributor.authorMichaelian, K.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-08T09:36:49Z
dc.date.available2016-02-08T09:36:49Z
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.issn0039-7857
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/20866
dc.description.abstractThe incorporation of post-event testimonial information into an agent's memory representation of the event via constructive memory processes gives rise to the misinformation effect, in which the incorporation of inaccurate testimonial information results in the formation of a false memory belief. While psychological research has focussed primarily on the incorporation of inaccurate information, the incorporation of accurate information raises a particularly interesting epistemological question: do the resulting memory beliefs qualify as knowledge? It is intuitively plausible that they do not, for they appear to be only luckily true. I argue, however, that, despite its intuitive plausibility, this view is mistaken: once we adopt an adequate (modal) conception of epistemic luck and an adequate (adaptive) general approach to memory, it becomes clear that memory beliefs resulting from the incorporation of accurate testimonial information are not in general luckily true. I conclude by sketching some implications of this argument for the psychology of memory, suggesting that the misinformation effect would better be investigated in the context of a broader "information effect".en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.source.titleSyntheseen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11229-011-9992-7en_US
dc.subjectConstructive memoryen_US
dc.subjectEpistemic lucken_US
dc.subjectEyewitness memoryen_US
dc.subjectMemoryen_US
dc.subjectMisinformation effecten_US
dc.subjectTestimonyen_US
dc.titleThe information effect: constructive memory, testimony, and epistemic lucken_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Philosophyen_US
dc.citation.spage2429en_US
dc.citation.epage2456en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber190en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber12en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11229-011-9992-7en_US


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