Regional model-based computerized ionospheric tomography using GPS measurements: IONOLAB-CIT
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
1062 - 1075
Item Usage Stats
MetadataShow full item record
Three-dimensional imaging of the electron density distribution in the ionosphere is a crucial task for investigating the ionospheric effects. Dual-frequency Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite signals can be used to estimate the slant total electron content (STEC) along the propagation path between a GPS satellite and ground-based receiver station. However, the estimated GPS-STEC is very sparse and highly nonuniformly distributed for obtaining reliable 3-D electron density distributions derived from the measurements alone. Standard tomographic reconstruction techniques are not accurate or reliable enough to represent the full complexity of variable ionosphere. On the other hand, model-based electron density distributions are produced according to the general trends of ionosphere, and these distributions do not agree with measurements, especially for geomagnetically active hours. In this study, a regional 3-D electron density distribution reconstruction method, namely, IONOLAB-CIT, is proposed to assimilate GPS-STEC into physical ionospheric models. The proposed method is based on an iterative optimization framework that tracks the deviations from the ionospheric model in terms of F2 layer critical frequency and maximum ionization height resulting from the comparison of International Reference Ionosphere extended to Plasmasphere (IRI-Plas) model-generated STEC and GPS-STEC. The suggested tomography algorithm is applied successfully for the reconstruction of electron density profiles over Turkey, during quiet and disturbed hours of ionosphere using Turkish National Permanent GPS Network.
Keywords3-D ionospheric tomography
Electron density measurement
Electronic density of states
Global positioning system
Electron density profiles
International reference ionospheres
Three dimensional imaging
Tomographic reconstruction techniques
Three dimensional computer graphics
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015RS005744
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Aktug, B.; Lenk O.; Kurt, M.; Parmaksiz, E.; Ozdemir, S.; Arikan F.; Sezen, U.; Toker, C.; Arikan, O. (2011)Characterization and constant monitoring of variability of the ionosphere is of utmost importance for the performance improvement of HF communication, Satellite communication, navigation and guidance systems, Low Earth ...
Yavuz, E.; Arikan F.; Arikan, O.; Erol, C.B. (2005)Computerized ionospheric tomography (CIT) is a method to investigate ionosphere electron density in two or three dimensions. This method provides a flexible tool for studying ionosphere. Earth based receivers record signals ...
Deviren, M.N.; Arikan F.; Arikan, O. (IEEE Computer Society, 2014)In this paper, characteristic of short-period ionospheric variability over Turkey is determined statistically by a novel metric. First and second moment of the variability of ionospheric variations is calculated by Sliding ...