Cost and emission impacts of virtual power plant formation in plug-in hybrid electric vehicle penetrated networks
Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/20783
- Research Paper 
With increasing interest in alternative energy resources and technologies, mass penetration of PHEVs (plug-in hybrid vehicles) into the electricity grid and widespread utilization of DERs (distributed energy resources) are anticipated in the near future. As an aggregation unit, the VPP (virtual power plant) is introduced for load management and resource scheduling. In this article, we develop an energy management model for VPPs and analyze the cost and emission impacts of VPP formation and PHEV penetration. We conduct a case study for the state of California using real-world data from official resources. An average of 29.5% cost reduction and 79% CO2 and 83% NOx emission reductions are attained as shared benefits of consumers in the case study. Results are illustrative of opportunities that VPP formation can provide for the community. Sensitivity of the results to the DER costs and capacities, battery and gasoline prices are also analyzed. In addition, we prove that charging and discharging do not simultaneously occur in the solutions, which leads to a simplification in traditional energy management models. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Development of school energy policy and energy education plans: A comparative case study in three wisconsin school communities Lane J.F.; Floress, K.; Rickert, M. (2014)Through a qualitative comparative case study, this investigation examined the process by which three school districts in Wisconsin, U.S.A., developed a school energy policy and complementary energy education plan. To guide ...
Observation of selective plasmon-exciton coupling in nonradiative energy transfer: Donor-selective versus acceptor-selective plexcitons Ozel, T.; Hernandez-Martinez P.L.; Mutlugun, E.; Akin O.; Nizamoglu, S.; Ozel I.O.; Zhang Q.; Xiong Q.; Demir, H. V. (2013)We report selectively plasmon-mediated nonradiative energy transfer between quantum dot (QD) emitters interacting with each other via Förster-type resonance energy transfer (FRET) under controlled plasmon coupling either ...
Analysis of defects on BN nano-structures using high-resolution electron microscopy and density-functional calculations Bengu, E.; Marks L.D.; Ovali, R.V.; Gulseren O. (2008)Cubic boron nitride (c-BN) nucleation takes place on hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) layers growing perpendicular to the substrate surface during thin film synthesis. Studies focused on the nucleation of the cubic phase ...