Vüs'at O Bener'in yapıtlarına anlatıbilimsel bir yaklaşım
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Vüs’at O. Bener’s (1922-2005) literary career started with his short story “Dost” (The Friend) which he published in 1950. Later he published two novels, two plays, six story books, and also a book of poetry. In this study a narratological approach is adopted in order to analyze such formal aspects of the works as the narrators’ standpoints, the techniques of narration, and the use of time in the following works: Dost (1952, The Friend), Yaşamasız (1957, The Lifeless), Buzul Çağının Virüsü (1984, The Ice Age Virus), Bay Muannit Sahtegi’nin Notları (1991, The Notes of Mr. Muannit Sahtegi), Siyah-Beyaz (1993, Black and White), Mızıkalı Yürüyüş (1997, The March with a Band), Kara Tren (1998, The Steam Train), and Kapan (2001, The Trap). Bener’s works are interrelated and interreferantial. Often the same characters reappear in Bener’s different works and sometimes the same events are repeatedly narrated from new perspectives. That is why Bener’s works should be considered as a whole and the interconnections should be closely examined. When they are read from such a viewpoint it is understood that Bener’s works carry a profound imprint of his life. That is why one has to know the subtext on which his works are based. In this study, in addition to narratology, an author-based approach is used in order to analyze the relationship between Bener’s life and works, and also to examine the methods of his fiction writing. In this context, the criticisms regarding the genre of Bener’s works have been reconsidered and a new reading strategy is suggested.