|dc.description||Ankara : Department of History and Institute of Economics and Social Sciences, Bilkent Univ., 1996.||en_US
|dc.description||Thesis(Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1996.||en_US
|dc.description||Includes bibliographical references (leaves 63-67)||en_US
|dc.description.abstract||In the Ottoman Empire, the status of sharecroppers has changed
throughout the ages. In the classical age, the war captives acquired in the
conquered lands were settled as sharecropper slaves on the lands belonged
directly to the Sultan or the higher members of military class. Both the status of
sharecropper slaves and the lands they were settled had a specific character.
Moreover, this practice of settlement of slaves as sharecroppers was confined to
imperial estates which were unpopulated and empty lands to feed the Palace.
Since labor was scarce, these unused lands were cultivated by sharecropper
slaves who provided a continuous revenue.
Sharecropping was also used on the hassa ciftliks or prebendal farms
assigned to the timar-holder for the direct use in the classical age. The
sharecroppers on these lands were either registered or unregistered peasants.
The use of sharecropping was closely related with the extension of
unused lands into cultivation in the Ottoman Empire in the classical age as well
as in the eighteenth and nineteenth century. In other words, most of the big
estates came into being with the opening of marginal lands and they were
cultivated by the sharecropping system, because there was a strict control over
the state lands and the cultivators. The main sources used for the analysis of
sharecropper slaves and sharecropping in the classical age are the tahrir
defterleh (revenue and population registers in Ottoman agriculture) and the
kanunnames or laws.
The use of sharecropping in the eighteenth and nineteenth century
Ottoman Empire was related with several factors: commercialization of
agriculture or production for the market as in the western Anatolian and Balkan
parts of the Empire, the extension of cultivated areas, the settlement of tribes
and migrants on the marginal lands, the 1858 Land Code, the historical patterns
of landholding patterns, and the land-labor ratio. Sharecropping was used in
large landholdings as well as in the small landholding pattern. Therefore,
sharecropping can not be attributed to semi-feudal agrarian relations because it
existed under simple commodity production. The reports written by the British
Consulars published in Parliamentary Papers, Accounts and Papers are an
important sources for the study of sharecroppers in the nineteenth century
|dc.format.extent||x, 67 leaves.||en_US
|dc.subject.lcc||HD1478.O88 S34 1996||en_US
|dc.subject.lcsh||Agriculture--Economic aspects--Ottoman Empire--History.||en_US
|dc.title||A comparative study of sharecropping system throughout the ages in the ottoman empire||en_US
|dc.department||Department of History||en_US