|dc.description.abstract||The present thesis explores a group of twenty unpublished Post Byzantine Greek
Orthodox icons housed in the Antalya Museum. The entire collection of icons in the Antalya
Museum numbers 172. These twenty icons, a representative sample of the whole collection,
are examined in terms of their chronology, provenance, and stylistic and iconographie
features. A detailed catalogue of the icons provides a complete documentation.
The icons rarely have fixed dates. Of the twenty presented here, two have dates
painted on them, and five others have either dates pencilled on the back or iconographie
indicators of dates, and so can be assigned a terminus post quern or a terminus ante quern.
These dates, either a precise year or within a certain range, are in the nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries. The remaining thirteen icons, because of general similarities of their
style and iconography to these seven, seem also to be products of the nineteenth and early
The place of manufacture of these icons is almost without exception unknown. However,
they all ended in Antalya, and thus represent the tastes of nineteenth century Greek Orthodox Antalians and the kinds of icons that they could obtain, either locally or while on
The thesis first explores the cultural context of the Greek Orthodox community of
nineteenth and early twentieth century Antalya. Then, as a background for the twenty
Antalian icons, the nature and purpose of icons are surveyed, fi"om early Christianity to
modem times. The catalogue follows. Finally, the chronology, place of manufacture, and
stylistic and iconographie features are discussed.
Four stylistic approaches are identified: Conservative, Provincial, Western, and
Eclectic. Their usesamong the twenty Antalian icons and selected icons from elsewhere in
Turkey and Greece are discussed.
The icons housed in the Antalya Museum provide information on the Greek Orthodox
population of Late Ottoman Antalya, both as artistic expressions of religious beliefs and
practices and as historical documents. But Post-Byzantine art, especially as it survives in
Turkey, has been little studied and is poorly known. This study, by presenting twenty
previously unpublished icons firom the Antalya Museum collection, has taken a step toward
filling this gap||en_US