Novel methods in image halftoning
Çetin, Ahmet Enis
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Halftoning refers to the problem of rendering continuous-tone (contone) images on display and printing devices which are capable of reproducing only a limited number of colors. A new adaptive halftoning method using the adaptive QR- RLS algorithm is developed for error diffusion which is one of the halftoning techniques. Also, a diagonal scanning strategy to exploit the human visual system properties in processing the image is proposed. Simulation results on color images demonstrate the superior quality of the new method compared to the existing methods. Another problem studied in this thesis is inverse halftoning which is the problem of recovering a contone image from a given halftoned image. A novel inverse halftoning method is developed for restoring a contone image from the halftoned image. A set theoretic formulation is used where sets are defined using the prior information about the problem. A new space domain projection is introduced assuming the halftoning is performed ,with error diffusion, and the error diffusion filter kernel is known. The space domain, frequency domain, and space-scale domain projections are used alternately to obtain a feasible solution for the inverse halftoning problem which does not have a unique solution. Simulation results for both grayscale and color images give good results, and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed inverse halftoning method.
KeywordsColor image halftoning
Adaptive error diffusion
Inverse error diffusion
Projection onto convex sets (POCS)