Plane-wave theory of single-crystal upconversion optical parametric oscillators
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'rhis thesis pi'('s('nts a theoi'etical analysis of single-crystal upconversion optical parametric oscillators (OPO’s) where a single nonlinear crystal is used for both the OPO and sum-frequency generation (SPG) or second-harmonic generation (SHG). In these devices, the OPO and SFG/SHG processes are both phase matched for the same direction of propagation inside the crystal. Different polarization geometries for which this simultaneous phase matching condition can potentially be satisfied are identified and categorized, for both biréfringent. a.nd quasi-phcise matching methods. This categorization results in four classes of sumfrequency generating OPO’s (SF-OPO’s) and three classes of self-doubling OPO’s (SD-OPO’s). Plane-wa.ve coupled mode equations a.re presented for each of these seven classes. Solutions of these coupled mode equations, and calculation of the single-pass saturated signal gain are outlined. The dependence of the photon conversion efficiency on various design parameters are investigated. .Λ pulsed plane-wave model that takes into account the temporal profiles of the fields and the group velocity mismatch between pulses is constructed. This model is in good qualitative agreement with experimental measurements of a class-G SF-OPO.
KeywordsNonlinear frequency conversion
Optical parametric oscillators