Improving application behavior on heterogeneous manycore systems through kernel mapping
Albayrak, Ömer Erdil
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Many-core accelerators are being more frequently deployed to improve the system processing capabilities. In such systems, application mapping must be enhanced to maximize utilization of the underlying architecture. Especially, in graphics processing units (GPUs), mapping kernels that are part of multi-kernel applications has a great impact on overall performance, since kernels may exhibit different characteristics on different CPUs and GPUs. While some kernels run faster on GPUs, others may perform better in CPUs. Thus, heterogeneous execution may yield better performance than executing the application only on a CPU or only on a GPU. In this thesis, we investigate on two approaches: a novel profiling-based adaptive kernel mapping algorithm to assign each kernel of an application to the proper device, and a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) implementation to determine optimal mapping. We utilize profiling information for kernels on different devices and generate a map that identifies which kernel should run where in order to improve the overall performance or energy consumption of an application. Initial experiments show that our approach can efficiently map kernels on CPUs and GPUs, and outperforms CPU-only and GPU-only approaches. Some part of this work is published in 41st International Conference on Parallel Processing Workshops (ICPPW), 2012 , and submitted to Parallel Computing journal (ParCo) .
KeywordsMixed Integer Programming
QA76.88 .A43 2013
OpenCL (Computer program language)
Graphics processing units.