Türkçe şiirde "kadın" şairlerin poetikalarının karşılaştırılmalı olarak incelenmesi
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The critical studies on poetry in Turkish literature are quite inadequate. The lack of appreciating poetry in a critical manner is especially salient when it comes to the subject of “woman” poets. There are serious problems related with the critical evaluations of poems produced by “woman” poets, who encounter the patriarchic domination of literature and literary criticism, and experience the first of many discriminatory attitudes when they are categorized as “woman” poets. The research on “woman” poets’ poems mostly focuses on these poets’ autobiographies and is limited by analyses that lack the fundementals of literary criticism. The inability of critical approaches towards “woman” poets’ works to move beyond cliches, which problematically enforces a reading of these poems that is limited to the themes of “woman”hood and “women’s sensitivity.” The reflections of women-related concepts such as “women’s sensitivity” and motherhood are used to make sense of “woman” poets’ poems. The poets’ are embraced and their writing is supported despite the fact that they are “women.” This situation creates an important gap in literary criticism. In this thesis, my main goals are to address the inadequacies in Turkish literary criticism in the context of “woman” poets and carry out a poetical analysis of “woman” poets’ “poems” through literary tools. Important goals other than literary analysis are focusing on poets’ autobiographies and existence in literature despite their gender, and tackling the attempts to adapt Westoriented theories to Turkish literature without paying attention to particular social and historical conditions. “Woman” poets’ poetics, categorized as a separate field, were examined through the themes that exist in these poets’ poems. Furthermore, the linguistic elements, intertextual references, and religious and sexual themes were analyzed. Also, the effects of the masculine discourse that is shaped by patriarchic conceptions, in the construction of the aforementioned poems were evaluated. In questioning the sources that inspired these poems as well as the level of intertextuality among the poems, a discussion of whether a “woman” poets’ poetics exists in Turkish poetry and the masculine discourse’s dominance in these poets’ poems endures today. The argument of a connection between the poets’ poetics and the political stances that are reflected in the poems was examined and the political aspect of this poetics was discussed.