Applications of plasmon enhanced emission and absorption
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The term plasmon-polariton is used to describe coupled modes of electromagnetic waves with electronic plasma oscillations in conductors. Surface plasmon resonances have found profound interest over the last few decades in multiple fields ranging from nanophotonics to biological sensing. In this thesis, we study enhancement of absorption and emission of radiation due to the presence of a modified local electromagnetic mode density within the vicinity of metallic surfaces supporting plasmon modes. Various coupling schemes of freespace electromagnetic modes to plasmon modes are investigated theoretically and experimentally. Local mode densities and field enhancements due to plasmon modes in planar structures, gratings and optical antennas have been studied in their relation to the absorption and emission enhancement of dipoles positioned in various orientations and locations with respect to structures displaying plasmonic effects. Particularly, grating coupled plasmon resonances were analysed using Rigorously Coupled Wave Analysis and Finite Difference Time domain methods. Experimental demonstrations of absorption and emission enhancement of dielectric layers containing Rhodamine 6G on various plasmonic structures are given. Confocal Raman microscopy was used in characterization of fabricated structures. It is seen that the experimental measurements are in good agreement with theoretical predictions. Direction dependent luminescence enhancement is observed with dye molecules on grating structures. Potential applications of plasmon enhanced absorption and emission include high sensitivity absorption spectroscopy, performance enhancement in thin film solar cells and luminescent concentrators.
Absorption,Grating Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance
Local mode density