Electrochemically swithable plasmonic surfaces
Karayalçın, Nihat Serkan
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In this study, we design and produce grating coupled surface plasmon surfaces which are switched by electrochemistry. Grating structures are fabricated using digital versatile discs (DVDs) which are commercially available. According to atomic force microscopy (AFM) results, we categorize the different grating structures in two groups, namely shallow and deep gratings. Plasmonic properties of the surfaces are investigated using numerical simulations. Gold and silver are used as plasmon supporting metallic layers on gratings. Refractive index sensitivity of the plasmon resonances are studied using deionized water, air and glycerol solutions as the dielectric media and results are compared with simulations. Experimental results are coherent with the simulations in terms of reflection spectra. Electrochemical switching of plasmonic properties may have applications in tunable and switchable filters, as well as enhanced colorimetric sensing. We deposit ultrathin films of copper on plasmonic surfaces and investigate reversible changes in the plasmonic properties. Copper sulfate is selected as the electrolyte. Cyclic voltammetry is performed on plasmonic surfaces while monitoring optical reflectance. Copper is observed to deposit in the form of nanoislands on silver and gold films rather than uniform thin films. The effect of copper deposition on the plasmonic properties of the grating structure is simulated by Lumerical software and is seen to be two fold. For small effective thickness of copper nanoislands, the plasmon resonance condition shifts, whereas for thicker copper deposition plasmonic resonances are eliminated. Finally, copper's oxidation and reduction reactions are controlled by changing applied voltage thus shifting the resonance wavelength. Resonances are switched reversibly multiple times not only for different molarities but also for different grating sructures and plasmon supporting metallic layers . In summary, we demonstrate that plasmonic properties of nanostructured metallic surfaces can be controlled by electrochemistry. Switchable resonance surfaces can be used as dynamic filters or may enhanced contrast in plasmon resonance imaging applications.
Grating Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance
Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging