Necati Bey, Bâkî, Nef'î be Nedim'de doğa'dan mekân'a dönüşüm
Toçoğlu, Nurdan Tuhfe
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There is a general consensus among Ottoman literary scholars that Divan poetry does not give us the “description” of real “nature” and daily life. This point of view relies on the assumption that Divan poets could only produce stereotypes. In other words, nature or daily life could not be depicted but could only be “stylized” by Divan poets, each one of whom might be regarded as a stylist. On the other hand, this argument includes some implications that Divan poets have a “static” not a “dynamic” style: in this respect, Divan poetry is viewed as having remained the same for centuries. Another point of view claims that, among Divan poets, only Nedim was able to depict the real world and certain “spaces” which belonged to his daily life. A sample from different periods of Divan poetry demonstrates that the description of real nature and daily life has been the result of a transformation during different periods of Divan poetry. The sample features some poets representative of their periods, such as Necati Bey, Bâkî, Nef’î and Nedim. This thesis aims to display the transformation from stylization of nature to description of certain spaces in Divan poetry by focusing on “nesibs”— the introductory parts of the “kasides”—where one can see nature and space realistically.