Hanein-1, a novel conserved eukaryotic protein ubiquitously expressed in human tissues
Tazebay, Uygar H.
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HANEIN-1 was first identified in a study investigating 3’ transcriptional regulatory elements of the Na+ /I- symporter gene. The protein is highly conserved among eukaryotes and bears no domain similarities with any known proteins. In databases, it is described as coiled coil containing-124 hypothetical protein and predicted to encode a 223 amino acid-protein. In this project, our aim was to characterize this highly conserved protein by using several bioinformatics and biochemical methodologies. Sequence similarity search analysis showed that it had around 75% identity in mammals, 50% identity with insects and nematodes. Expressional analysis revealed that HANEIN-1 was expressed in all tissues ubiquitously with a remarkable expression status in skeletal muscle. Beside providing information about expression status of HANEIN-1, northern blotting showed that HANEIN-1 transcript size was approximately 1000 bp. Regarding protein level expression, western blotting revealed that HANEIN-1 encoded a 33 kDa protein and protein stability was affected in a different way upon labeling with Flag epitope at N-ter and C-ter. Yeast double hybrid screening performed in our laboratory showed that HANEIN-1 interacted with RASGEF1B, which was a guanine nucleotide exchange factor not fully characterized. Expressional analysis displayed that RASGEF1B expression profile inversely correlated with HANEIN-1. Finally, serine-scanning mutagenesis analysis showed that site-directed mutagenesis of serine at position 194 significantly affected the stability of the protein.