Replicated hypergraph partitioning
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Hypergraph partitioning is recently used in distributed information retrieval (IR) and spatial databases to correctly capture the communication and disk access costs. In the hypergraph models for these areas, the quality of the partitions obtained using hypergraph partitioning can be crucial for the objective of the targeted problem. Replication is a widely used terminology to address different performance issues in distributed IR and database systems. The main motivation behind replication is to improve the performance of the targeted issue at the cost of using more space. In this work, we focus on replicated hypergraph partitioning schemes that improve the quality of hypergraph partitioning by vertex replication. To this end, we propose a replicated partitioning scheme where replication and partitioning are performed in conjunction. Our approach utilizes successful multilevel and recursive bipartitioning methodologies for hypergraph partitioning. The replication is achieved in the uncoarsening phase of the multilevel methodology by extending the efficient Fiduccia-Mattheyses (FM) iterative improvement heuristic. We call this extended heuristic replicated FM (rFM). The proposed rFM heuristic supports move, replication and unreplication operations on the vertices by introducing new algorithms and vertex states. We show rFM has the same complexity as FM and integrate the proposed replication scheme into the multilevel hypergraph partitioning tool PaToH. We test the proposed replication scheme on realistic datasets and obtain promising results.