Cepstral methods for image feature extraction
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Image feature extraction is one of the most vital tasks in computer vision and pattern recognition applications due to its importance in the preparation of data extracted from images. In this thesis, 2D cepstrum based methods (2D mel- and Mellin-cepstrum) are proposed for image feature extraction. The proposed feature extraction schemes are used in face recognition and target detection applications. The cepstral features are invariant to amplitude and translation changes. In addition, the features extracted using 2D Mellin-cepstrum method are rotation invariant. Due to these merits, the proposed techniques can be used in various feature extraction problems. The feature matrices extracted using the cepstral methods are classified by Common Matrix Approach (CMA) and multi-class Support Vector Machine (SVM). Experimental results show that the success rates obtained using cepstral feature extraction algorithms are higher than the rates obtained using standard baselines (PCA, Fourier-Mellin Transform, Fourier LDA approach). Moreover, it is observed that the features extracted by cepstral methods are computationally more efficient than the standard baselines. In target detection task, the proposed feature extraction methods are used in the detection and discrimination stages of a typical Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) system. The feature matrices obtained from the cepstral techniques are applied to the SVM classifier. The simulation results show that 2D cepstral feature extraction techniques can be used in the target detection in SAR images.
KeywordsImage Feature Extraction