The phase behavior and synthesis of mesostructured coupled semiconductor thin films : MESO-CdS-TiO2
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Mesostructured [Cd(H2O)4](NO3)2 - titania - P123 ((PEO)20(PPO)70(PEO)20, PEO = -OCH2CH2-, PPO = -OCH(CH3)CH2-) materials have been investigated by changing the [Cd(H2O)4](NO3)2 and titania content of the structures. This has been achieved by making thick samples by casting and thin film samples by spin coating of a butanol solution of [Cd(H2O)4](NO3)2, P123, nitric acid and Ti(OC4H9)4. The film samples are named as meso-xCd(II)-yTiO2, where x is the Cd(II)/P123 and y is TiO2/P123 mole ratios. Increasing the titania amount in the media has transformed the samples from LC-like to soft and then to rigid mesostructured materials. Changing the amount of [Cd(H2O)4](NO3)2 salt in the media only influenced the mesostructure, such that no change on the mechanical properties is observed. However, the synthesis of rigid mesostructured titania materials required controlled humidity. The rigid film samples were prepared first by spin coating and then by aging under a 50% humidity oven. The mesostructure remains stable upon H2S reaction, in the soft and rigid materials region. However, only rigid samples stand to removal of nitrates from the media that is important to keep the CdS nanoparticles stable in or on the pore walls of mesostructured film samples. The phase behavior of the meso-Cd(II)-TiO2, the structural properties of the meso-xCdS-yTiO2 samples, coordination and elimination of the NO3 - ions and the particle size of the CdS nanocrystallites were investigated using diffraction (XRD), spectroscopy (FT-IR, Raman and UV-Vis absorption, EDS) and microscopy (POM, SEM, and TEM) techniques.
Transition Metal Complexes
Mesostructured and Mesoporous Titania