E-sense : a wireless sensor network testbed and system for monitoring inbuilding environments
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Wireless sensor networks consist of small, smart and battery-powered devices suitable for widespread deployment to monitor an environment by taking physical measurements. Wireless sensor nodes are deployed over an area in a random manner. They need to self-establish a wireless multi-hop network and routing paths from all sensor nodes to a central base station. In this thesis, we present our E-Sense system, a wireless sensor network testbed consisting of MICA2 sensor nodes which can be used to monitor an indoor environment like office buildings and homes. The testbed can be accessed through the Internet and provides a webbased interface to the sensor network. The users of the network can be located at any point in the Internet. Via the web based interface, the users can submit various types of queries to the sensor network and get the replies including the physical measurement results. The E-Sense system also includes a distributed and energy-aware routing protocol that we designed and implemented. The protocol aims efficient and balanced usage of energy in the sensor nodes to prolong the lifetime of the network. The routing protocol is based on a many-to-one routing tree where each node independently determines its next parent depending on the values of RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator). The protocol can also adjust the transmit power to further decrease the energy spent in each sensor node. The testbed will be useful for experimental studies at both application and network levels.
Transmit Power Adjustment