Feature point classification and matching
Ay, Avşar Polat
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A feature point is a salient point which can be separated from its neighborhood. Widely used definitions assume that feature points are corners. However, some non-feature points also satisfy this assumption. Hence, non-feature points, which are highly undesired, are usually detected as feature points. Texture properties around detected points can be used to eliminate non-feature points by determining the distinctiveness of the detected points within their neighborhoods. There are many texture description methods, such as autoregressive models, Gibbs/Markov random field models, time-frequency transforms, etc. To increase the performance of feature point related applications, two new feature point descriptors are proposed, and used in non-feature point elimination and feature point sorting-matching. To have a computationally feasible descriptor algorithm, a single image resolution scale is selected for analyzing the texture properties around the detected points. To create a scale-space, wavelet decomposition is applied to the given images and neighborhood scale-spaces are formed for every detected point. The analysis scale of a point is selected according to the changes in the kurtosis values of histograms which are extracted from the neighborhood scale-space. By using descriptors, the detected non-feature points are eliminated, feature points are sorted and with inclusion of conventional descriptors feature points are matched. According to the scores obtained in the experiments, the proposed detection-matching scheme performs more reliable than the Harris detector gray-level patch matching scheme. However, SIFT detection-matching scheme performs better than the proposed scheme.
KeywordsFeature Point Elimination
Feature Point Detection
Digital Video Processing
Feature Point Matching
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