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dc.contributor.authorNirmal, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKyaw, A. K. K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSun, X. W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDemir, Hilmi Volkanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-28T12:02:34Z
dc.date.available2015-07-28T12:02:34Z
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.issn1094-4087
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/12680
dc.description.abstractMicrostructured porous zinc oxide (ZnO) thin film was developed and demonstrated as an electron selective layer for enhancing light scattering and efficiency in inverted organic photovoltaics. High degree of porosity was induced and controlled in the ZnO layer by incorporation of polyethylene glycol (PEG) organic template. Scanning electron microscopy, contact angle and absorption measurements prove that the ZnO: PEG ratio of 4:1 is optimal for the best performance of porous ZnO. Ensuring sufficient pore-filling, the use of porous ZnO leads to a marked improvement in device performance compared to non-porous ZnO, with 35% increase in current density and 30% increase in efficiency. Haze factor studies indicate that the performance improvement can be primarily attributed to the improved light scattering enabled by such a highly porous structure. (C) 2014 Optical Society of Americaen_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.source.titleOptics Expressen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.0A1412en_US
dc.subjectPolymer Solar-cellsen_US
dc.subjectSolventen_US
dc.subjectDevicesen_US
dc.subjectNanocrystalsen_US
dc.subjectPerformanceen_US
dc.subjectOxideen_US
dc.titleMicrostructured porous ZnO thin film for increased light scattering and improved efficiency in inverted organic photovoltaicsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Physicsen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Electrical and Electronics Engineeringen_US
dc.departmentInstitute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology (UNAM)en_US
dc.citation.spage1412en_US
dc.citation.epage1421en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber22en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber21en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1364/OE.22.0A1412en_US
dc.publisherOptical Society of Americaen_US
dc.contributor.bilkentauthorDemir, Hilmi Volkan
buir.contributor.orcidDemir, Hilmi Volkan|0000-0003-1793-112Xen_US


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