Integrated capacity and inventory management with capacity acquisition lead times
European Journal of Operational Research
949 - 958
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We model a make-to-stock production system that utilizes permanent and contingent capacity to meet non-stationary stochastic demand, where a constant lead time is associated with the acquisition of contingent capacity. We determine the structure of the optimal solution concerning both the operational decisions of integrated inventory and flexible capacity management, and the tactical decision of determining the optimal permanent capacity level. Furthermore, we show that the inventory (either before or after production), the pipeline contingent capacity, the contingent capacity to be ordered, and the permanent capacity are economic substitutes. We also show that the stochastic demand variable and the optimal contingent capacity acquisition decisions are economic complements. Finally, we perform numerical experiments to evaluate the value of utilizing contingent capacity and to study the effects of capacity acquisition lead time, providing useful managerial insights.
Published Version (Please cite this version)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2008.04.016
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