Style goods pricing with demand learning
Zhang, A. X.
European Journal of Operational Research
1058 - 1075
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For many industries (e.g., apparel retailing) managing demand through price adjustments is often the only tool left to companies once the replenishment decisions are made. A significant amount of uncertainty about the magnitude and price sensitivity of demand can be resolved using the early sales information. In this study, a Bayesian model is developed to summarize sales information and pricing history in an efficient way. This model is incorporated into a periodic pricing model to optimize revenues for a given stock of items over a finite horizon. A computational study is carried out in order to find out the circumstances under which learning is most beneficial. The model is extended to allow for replenishments within the season, in order to understand global sourcing decisions made by apparel retailers. Some of the findings are empirically validated using data from U.S. apparel industry.