Effect of Composition on the Spontaneous Emission Probabilities, simulated Emission Cross Sections and Local Environment of Tm+3, in Teo2-Wo3 Glass'
Journal of Luminescence
Elsevier Science B.V
293 - 306
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Effect of composition on the structure, spontaneous and stimulated emission probabilities of various 1.0 mol% Tm2O3 doped (1 - x)TeO2 + (x)WO3 glasses were investigated using Raman spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared (UV/VIS/NIR) absorption and luminescence measurements. Absorption measurements in the UV/VIS/NIR region were used to determine spontaneous emission probabilities for the 4f-4f transitions of Tm3+ ions. Six absorption bands corresponding to the absorption of the (1)G(4), F-3(2), F-3(3) and F-3(4), H-3(5) and H-3(4) levels from the H-3(6) ground level were observed. Integrated absorption cross-section of each band except that of H-3(5) level was found to vary with the glass composition. Luminescence spectra of the samples were measured upon 457.9 nm excitation. Three emission bands centered at 476 nm ((1)G(4) --> H-3(6) transition), 651 nm ((1)G(4) --> H-3(4) transition) and 800 nm ((1)G(4) --> H-3(5) transition) were observed. Spontaneous emission cross-sections together with the luminescence spectra measured upon 457.9 nm excitation were used to determine the stimulated emission cross-sections of these emissions. The effect of glass composition on the Judd-Ofelt parameters and therefore on the spontaneous and the stimulated emission cross-sections for the metastable levels of Tm3+ ions were discussed in detail. The effect of temperature on the stimulated emission cross-sections for the emissions observed upon 457.9 nm excitation was also discussed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.