Color enrichment solids of spectrally pure colloidal quantum wells for wide color Span in displays
Advanced Optical Materials
Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
2200161- 1 - 2200161- 7
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Colloidal quantum wells (CQWs) are excellent candidates for lighting and display applications owing to their narrow emission linewidths (<30 nm). However, realizing their efficient and stable light-emitting solids remains a challenge. To address this problem, stable, efficient solids of CQWs incorporated into crystal matrices are shown. Green-emitting CdSe/CdS core/crown and red-emitting CdSe/CdS core/shell CQWs wrapped into these crystal solids are employed as proof-of-concept demonstrations of light-emitting diode (LED) integration targeting a wide color span in display backlighting. The quantum yield of the green- and red-emitting CQW-containing solids of sucrose reach ≈20% and ≈55%, respectively, while emission linewidths and peak wavelengths remain almost unaltered. Furthermore, sucrose matrix preserves ≈70% and ≈45% of the initial emission intensity of the green- and red-emitting CQWs after >60 h, respectively, which is ≈4× and ≈2× better than the drop-casted CQW films and reference (KCl) host. Color-converting LEDs of these green- and red-emitting CQWs in sucrose possess luminous efficiencies 122 and 189 lm W−1elect, respectively. With the liquid crystal display filters, this becomes 39 and 86 lm W−1elect, respectively, providing with a color gamut 25% broader than the National Television Standards Committee standard. These results prove that CQW solids enable efficient and stable color converters for display and lighting applications.