Resource optimization of multi-purpose IoT wireless sensor networks with shared monitoring points
Embargo Lift Date: 2023-05-01
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Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have many applications and are an essential part of IoT systems. The primary functionality of a WSN is to gather data from certain points that are covered with sensor nodes and transmit the collected data to remote central units for further processing. In IoT use cases, a WSN infrastructure may need to be shared by many applications. Moreover, the data gathered from a certain point or sub-region can satisfy the need of multiple ap-plications. Hence, sensing the data once in such cases is advantageous to increase the acceptance ratio of the applications and reduce waiting times of applications, makespan, energy consumption, and traffic in the network. We call this approach monitoring point-based shared data approach. In this thesis, we focus on both placement and scheduling of the applications, each of which requires some points in the area a WSN covers to be monitored. We propose genetic algorithm-based approaches to deal with these two problems. Additionally, we propose greedy al-gorithms that will be useful where fast decision-making is required. We realized extensive simulation experiments and compared our algorithms with the methods from the literature. The results show the effectiveness of our algorithms in terms of various metrics.
KeywordsWireless sensor networks
Internet of things