Main-chain polybenzoxazine nanofibers via electrospinning
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Here we report the successful production of nanofibers from main-chain polybenzoxazines (MCPBz) via electrospinning without using any other carrier polymer matrix. Two different types of MCPBz (PBA-ad6 and PBA-ad12) were synthesized by using two types of difunctional amine (1,6-diaminohexane and 1,12-diaminododecane), bisphenol-A, and paraformaldehyde as starting materials through a Mannich reaction. 1H NMR and FTIR spectroscopy studies have confirmed the chemical structures of the two MCPBz. We were able to obtain highly concentrated homogeneous solutions of the two MCPBz in chloroform/N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) (4:1, v/v) solvent system. The electrospinning conditions were optimized in order to produce bead-free, uniform and continuous nanofibers from these two MCPBz by varying the concentrations of PBA-ad6 (30–45%, w/v) and PBA-ad12 (15–20%, w/v) in chloroform/DMF (4:1, v/v). The bead-free fiber morphology was evidenced under SEM imaging when PBA-ad6 and PBA-ad12 were electrospun at solution concentration of 40% and 18% (w/v), respectively. The nanofibrous mats of MCPBz were obtained as free-standing material, yet, PBA-ad12 mat was more flexible than and PBA-ad6 mat. Furthermore, the curing studies of these MCPBz nanofibrous mats were performed to obtain cross-linked materials.