Unusual fluorescent properties of stilbene units and cdzns/zns quantum dots nanocomposites: white-light emission in solution versus light-harvesting in films
Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
24 - 31
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Nanocomposites with organic–inorganic properties represent a new fi eld of basic research and offer prospects for many novel applications in extremely diverse fi elds, due to their remarkable emerging new properties and multifunctional nature. However, controllable manipulation of their fl uorescent properties in different phases is still challenging, which seriously limits the related applications of nanocomposites. In this work, a convenient protocol to fabricate organic–inorganic nanocomposites composed of stilbene chromophores and CdZnS/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) pairs, with controllable fl uorescent properties is presented. It is found that stable white-light emission can be achieved only in solution phase, with negligible energy transfer or reabsorption between chromophores and QDs pairs. By contrast, when the nanocomposites are deposited as blended fi lms, they cannot give rise to white-light emission, no matter what donor/acceptor volume ratios are used. However, the blended fi lms can exhibit near-unity effi ciency (94%) of Förster resonance energy transfer from QDs to chromophores. The underlying physical mechanisms are revealed through comprehensive steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopic analysis. This work suggests that the CdZnS/ZnS QDs/stilbene nanocomposites can be directly used for fl uorescence sensors and probes in biological system as well as fundamental investigation of lightharvesting, and also sheds light on developing other new materials for artifi cial photosynthesis and optoelectronics.