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Ottoman-Polish diplomatic relations in the sixteenth century
(Bilkent University, 2003)
The Ottoman Empire and Poland-Lithuania remained direct neighbors from the late Middle Ages until the end of eighteenth century. Long coexistence of both states led to development of rich and diverse forms of contacts ...
An Ottoman peace attempt at the Habsburg court during the Ottoman-Holy league war: Zülfikâr Efendi in Vienna, 1688-1693
(Bilkent University, 2008)
The visit of Zülfikar Efendi to the Habsburg court in 1688 was a milestone in Ottoman diplomatic history. The Ottoman system had its own diplomatic means and manners for centuries preceding the 1680s but these methods ...