Now showing items 21-40 of 132

    • Chronic pain and selective attention to pain arousing daily activity pictures: Evidence from an eye tracking study 

      Mahmoodi-Aghdam M.; Dehghani M.; Ahmadi M.; Banaraki A.K.; Khatibi A. (Iran University of Medical Sciences, 2017)
      Introduction: According to the pain research literature, attentional bias for pain is the mechanism responsible for the development and maintenance of fear of pain in patients with chronic pain. However, there is still ...
    • Color vision in humans and computers 

      Boyaci H.; Akarun L. (2008)
      Humans and many other species rely on color for object recognition. What are the biological underpinnings of color vision and how can we computationally model human color perception? In this study we briefly summarize ...
    • Context-dependent lightness affects perceived contrast 

      Pamir, Z.; Boyaci, H. (Elsevier Ltd, 2016)
      Perceived contrast of a grating varies with its background (or mean) luminance: of the two gratings with the same photometric contrast the one on higher luminance background appears to have higher contrast. Does perceived ...
    • Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: personhood beliefs across 37 national groups 

      Owe, E.; Vignoles, V. L.; Becker, M.; Brown, R.; Smith, P .B.; Lee, S. W. S.; Easterbrook, M.; Gadre, T.; Zhang X.; Gheorghiu, M.; Baguma, P.; Tatarko, A.; Aldhafri, S.; Zinkeng, M.; Schwartz, S. J.; Des Rosiers, S. E.; Villamar, J. A.; Mekonnen, K. H.; Regalia, C.; Manzi, C.; Brambilla, M.; Kusdil, E.; Çağlar, S.; Gavreliuc, A.; Martin, M.; Jianxin, Z.; Lv, S.; Fischer, R.; Milfont, T. L.; Torres, A.; Camino, L.; Kreuzbauer, R.; Gausel, N.; Buitendach, J. H.; Lemos, F. C. S.; Fritsche, I.; Möller, B.; Harb, C.; Valk, A.; Espinosa, A.; Jaafar, J. L.; Yuki, M.; Ferreira, M. C.; Chobthamkit, P.; Fülöp, M.; Chybicka, A.; Wang, Q.; Bond, M. H.; González, R.; Didier, N.; Carrasco, D.; Cadena, M. P.; Lay, S.; Gardarsdóttir, R. B.; Nizharadze, G.; Pyszczynski, T.; Kesebir, P.; Herman, G.; Sauvage, Isabelle de; Courtois, M.; Bourguignon, D.; Özgen, E.; Güner Ü. E.; Yamakoğlu, N.; Abuhamdeh, S.; Mogaji, A.; Macapagal, M. E. J.; Koller, S. H.; Amponsah, B.; Misra, G.; Kapur, P.; Trujillo, E. V.; Balanta, P.; Ayala, B. C.; Gallo, I. S.; Gil, P. P.; Clemares, R. L.; Campara, G.; Jalal, B. (Sage Publications, Inc., 2013)
      Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the ...
    • Coparenting in the context of mother-father-infant versus mother-grandmother-infant triangular interactions in Turkey 

      Salman-Engin, S.; Sümer, N.; Sağel, E.; McHale, J. (Springer New York LLC, 2018)
      In this report, coparenting behaviors during triangular interactions among families raising a 3-month-old infant in Turkey are examined. Given the significant role played by extended family members in Turkish culture, ...
    • Could there be a male commitment skepticism bias and a female sexual overperception bias? novel hypotheses based on error management theory 

      Al-Shawaf, L. (Springer, 2016)
      Error management theory is an important and fruitful scientific theory. However, it might be useful to revisit the way we conceptualize the commitment skepticism bias and the sexual overperception bias to improve their ...
    • Cross-cultural regularities in the cognitive architecture of pride 

      Sznycer, D.; Al-Shawaf, L.; Bereby-Meyer, Y.; Curry, O. S.; De Smet, D.; Ermer, E.; Kim, S.; Li, N. P.; Lopez Seal, M. F.; McClung, J.; O, Jiaqing; Ohtsubo, Y.; Quillien, T.; Schaub, M.; Sell, A.; Van Leeuwen, F.; Cosmides, L.; Tooby, J. (National Academy of Sciences, 2017)
      Pride occurs in every known culture, appears early in development, is reliably triggered by achievements and formidability, and causes a characteristic display that is recognized everywhere. Here, we evaluate the theory ...
    • Cultural Bases for Self-Evaluation: Seeing Oneself Positively in Different Cultural Contexts 

      Becker, M.; Vignoles, V. L.; Owe, E.; Easterbrook, M. J.; Brown, R.; Smith, P. B.; Bond, M. H.; Regalia, C.; Manzi, C.; Brambilla, M.; Aldhafri, S.; González, R.; Carrasco, D.; Cadena, M. P.; Lay, S.; Gallo I. S.; Torres, A.; Camino L.; Özgen E.; Güner, Ü.E.; Yamakoğlu, N.; Lemos, F. C. S.; Trujillo, E. V.; Balanta, P.; Macapagal, M. E. J.; Ferreira, M. C.; Herman, G.; de Sauvage, I.; Bourguignon, D.; Wang, Q.; Fülöp, M.; Harb, C.; Chybicka, A.; Mekonnen, K. H.; Martin, M.; Nizharadze, G.; Gavreliuc, A.; Buitendach J.; Valk, A.; Koller, S. H. (SAGE Publications Inc.SAGE, 2014)
      Several theories propose that self-esteem, or positive self-regard, results from fulfilling the value priorities of one's surrounding culture. Yet, surprisingly little evidence exists for this assertion, and theories differ ...
    • Culture and the distinctiveness motive: constructing identity in individualistic and collectivistic contexts 

      Becker, M.; Vignoles, V. L.; Owe, E.; Brown, R.; Smith, P. B.; Easterbrook, M.; Herman, G.; De Sauvage, I.; Bourguignon, D.; Torres, A.; Camino, L.; Lemos, F. C. S.; Ferreira, M. S.; Koller, S. H.; Gonzãlez, R.; Carrasco, D.; Cadena, M. P.; Lay, S.; Wang, Q.; Bond, M. H.; Trujillo, E.; Balanta, P.; Valk, A.; Mekonnen, K. H.; Nizharadze, G.; Fülöp, M.; Regalia, C.; Manzi, C.; Brambilla, M.; Harb, C.; Aldhafri, S.; Martin, M.; Macapagal, M. E. J.; Chybicka, A.; Gavreliuc, A.; Buitendach, J.; Gallo, I.; Özgen E.; Güner, Ü. E.; Yamakoğlu, N. (American Psychological Association, 2012)
      The motive to attain a distinctive identity is sometimes thought to be stronger in, or even specific to, those socialized into individualistic cultures. Using data from 4,751 participants in 21 cultural groups (18 nations ...
    • A daily diary investigation of the link between television watching and positive affect 

      Bayraktaroglu, D.; Gunaydin, G.; Selcuk, E.; Ong, A. D. (Springer Netherlands, 2018)
      Past research has shown a negative relationship between time spent watching television (TV) and several indicators of hedonic well-being—including positive affect (PA). However, cross-sectional designs employed in most of ...
    • Detection and localization of specular surfaces using image motion cues 

      Yilmaz, O.; Doerschner, K. (Springer, 2014)
      Successful identification of specularities in an image can be crucial for an artificial vision system when extracting the semantic content of an image or while interacting with the environment. We developed an algorithm ...
    • (Dis)harmony in the home: parental child-rearing disagreement and early-childhood adjustment in Turkey 

      Giray, C.; Ilgaz, H.; Allen, J. W. P. (American Psychological Association, 2017)
      Sociocultural changes in Turkey have led to significant reconfigurations in marital and parental dynamics over the last decade (Kağıtçıbaşı & Ataca, 2005). Accordingly, general marital conflict and parental disagreement ...
    • Disgust and mating strategy 

      Al-Shawaf, L.; Lewis, D. M. G.; Buss, D. M. (Elsevier Inc., 2015-05)
      An evolutionary task analysis predicts a connection between disgust and human mating, two important but currently disconnected areas of psychology. Because short-term mating strategies involve sex with multiple partners ...
    • Does partner responsiveness predict hedonic and eudaimonic well-being? a 10-year longitudinal study 

      Selcuk, E.; Gunaydin, G.; Ong, A. D.; Almeida, D. M. (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc., 2016)
      Motivated by attachment theory and recent conceptualizations of perceived partner responsiveness as a core feature of close relationships, the authors examined change in hedonic and eudaimonic well-being over a decade in ...
    • Effect of contiguity and figure-ground organization on the area rule of lightness 

      Boyaci, H.; Şimşek, M. K.; Subaşı, E. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2014)
      In a simple two-dimensional (2D) display composed of two uniform surfaces with different luminances, the lightness of the darker surface varies as a function of its relative area while its luminance is held constant ...
    • The effect of threat on cognitive biases and pain outcomes: an eye-tracking study 

      Todd, J.; Sharpe, L.; Colagiuri, B.; Khatibi, A. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2016)
      Background: Theoretical accounts of attentional and interpretation biases in pain suggest that these biases are interrelated and are both influenced by perceived threat. A laboratory-based study was conducted to test whether ...
    • Effects of stimulus range on color categorization 

      Wright, O. (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2011)
      This chapter reports three experiments detailing the influences of stimulus range on color categorization. The results show that both categorization and speed of categorization of colorful stimuli can be influenced by ...
    • Effects of surface reflectance and 3D shape on perceived rotation axis 

      Doerschner, K.; Yilmaz, O.; Kucukoglu, G.; Fleming, R. W. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2013)
      Surface specularity distorts the optic flow generated by a moving object in a way that provides important cues for identifying surface material properties (Doerschner, Fleming et al., 2011). Here we show that specular flow ...
    • Effects of surface reflectance on local second order shape estimation in dynamic scenes 

      Dövencioğlu, D.N.; Wijntjes, M.W.A.; Ben-Shahar O.; Doerschner, K. (Elsevier Ltd, 2015)
      In dynamic scenes, relative motion between the object, the observer, and/or the environment projects as dynamic visual information onto the retina (optic flow) that facilitates 3D shape perception. When the object is ...
    • Estimating the glossiness transfer function induced by illumination change and testing its transitivity 

      Doerschner, K.; Boyaci, H.; Maloney, L. T. (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010)
      The light reflected from a glossy surface depends on the reflectance properties of that surface as well as the flow of light in the scene, the light field. We asked four observers to compare the glossiness of pairs of ...