Functional electrospun polymeric nanofibers incorporating geraniol-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes: High thermal stability and enhanced durability of geraniol
Sen, H. S.
Food Research International
Kayaci, F., Sen, H. S., Durgun, E., & Uyar, T. (2014). Functional electrospun polymeric nanofibers incorporating geraniol–cyclodextrin inclusion complexes: High thermal stability and enhanced durability of geraniol. Food Research International, 62, 424-431.
Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/12795
In this study, solid geraniol/cyclodextrin inclusion complexes (geraniol/CD-IC) were successfully prepared by using three types of native CD (alpha-CD, beta-CD and gamma-CD). The modeling studies for inclusion complexation between CD and geraniol were performed by using ab initio techniques. Both experimentally and theoretically, the cornplexation efficiency between geraniol and gamma-CD was higher; therefore, geraniol/gamma-CD-IC was chosen and then incorporated into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibers (NF) via electrospinning. The scanning electron microscopy imaging elucidated that the aggregates of geraniol/gamma-CD-IC crystals were distributed in the PVA NF, whereas bead-free and uniform PVA and PVA/geraniol NF without CD-IC were obtained. Higher thermal stability of geraniol was observed in the electrospun PVA/geraniol/gamma-CD-IC NF, However, geraniol molecules having volatile nature could not be preserved without CD-IC during electrospinning or during storage; therefore, the complete evaporation of geraniol in PVA/geraniol NF was unavoidable even after one day of its production. On the contrary, the loss of geraniol was minimal (similar to 10%) for PVA/geraniol/gamma-CD-IC NF even after storage of these NF for two years owing to inclusion complexation. Our study demonstrated that electrospun NF incorporating CD-IC may be quite applicable in food industry, e.g.: active food packaging or functional foods, due to very high surface area and nanoporous structure of NF; high thermal stability and enhanced durability of active agents and functional food ingredients. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.