Now showing items 1-20 of 39

    • Alger, Horatio, Jr. 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The author of over one hundred novels, Horatio Alger, Jr., has come to be associated with a rags-to-riches narrative that combines moral uplift with social mobility. In the majority of his novels, a young, destitute street ...
    • Bureaucratization 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Bureaucracy, or bureaucratization, refers to routinized, deper-sonalized, and dispersed processes devoted to the execution of a variety of administrative tasks, and to the regulation and assessment of these tasks. Within ...
    • Civil War 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The American Civil War (1861–65) between the North (the Union) and the South (the Confederacy) was a conflict over issues of national identity, economic development, western expansion, and slavery. With roughly 2 million ...
    • Class 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The economic and social transformations engendered by industrialization, urbanization, and the emergence of a market economy in the nineteenth century led to processes of class formation, class difference, and class identity ...
    • Cold War 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The Cold War, which began after World War II and lasted through the 1980s, was a geopolitical rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union grounded in an ideological rivalry between capitalism and communism. The ...
    • Confidence Man 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The confidence man—a man who takes advantage of people by gaining their confidence, convincing them to trust him with their possessions, and then stealing those possessions— was a male archetype of Victorian middle-class ...
    • Crisis of Masculinity 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      It was during the late 1960s that historians first developed the notion of a “crisis of masculinity” to describe the nervous concerns that middle-class men had regarding masculinity and the male body during the late ...
    • Democratic Manhood 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Between 1815 and the 1840s, a concept of democratic manhood emerged in the United States, marking a conscious rejection of European (especially British) notions of ascribed social status. Strongly associated with Democratic ...
    • Douglass, Frederick 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Frederick Douglass was a nineteenth-century abolitionist, author, and politician. Through his autobiographies, Douglass fashions himself as a representative, mid-nineteenth-century black male, though his definition of black ...
    • Emerson, Ralph Waldo 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Ralph Waldo Emerson was the founder of a distinct American intellectual tradition and a key figure in the antebellum (pre–Civil War) transcendentalist movement. He espoused an ideal of manliness rooted in scholarly activity, ...
    • Gilded Age 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The Gilded Age (1873–1900) takes its name from the title of an 1873 novel by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner. The social transformations that prompted Twain and Warner to characterize this period as materialistic, ...
    • Graham, Sylvester 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Sylvester Graham, a Presbyterian minister and antebellum health reformer, addressed medical, dietary, and sexual aspects of manhood. Graham's emphasis on restraint in these areas meshed well with Victorian concerns about ...
    • Gulick, Luther Halsey 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Luther Halsey Gulick contributed to the field of physical education and helped redefine middle-class manhood during the Progressive Era (1890–1915). Born into a family of Congregational ministers, Gulick devoted his life ...
    • Hall, Granville Stanley 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The founder and first president of Clark University, Granville Stanley Hall formulated theories on child development, psychology, play, and race that greatly influenced theories about white manhood and male sexuality around ...
    • Immigration 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Processes of immigration have interacted with concepts and experiences of masculinity throughout U.S. history. As male immigrants moved from their countries and cultures of origin to the United States, both their notions ...
    • Industrialization 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The process of industrialization, which began in the United States during the early nineteenth century, had an enormous impact on American constructions of masculinity. It complicated preindustrial notions of manhood based ...
    • James, William 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Through his research and his teaching, the philosopher William James sought to mediate between two concepts of middle-class manhood that developed in U.S. culture from the mid-nineteenth to the early twentieth century. The ...
    • Market Revolution 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      The term market revolution describes a succession of economic and technological changes that transformed U.S. society between 1825 and 1860. The construction of roads, canals, and railroads; the opening of the West to ...
    • Masculine Domesticity 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Male domesticity emerged as a distinct aspect of male identity, particularly among white middle-class men, when the market revolution of the early nineteenth century began to separate social life into private and public ...
    • Men and Religion Forward Movement 

      Winter, Thomas (SAGE Publications, Inc., 2004)
      Cofounded by Fred Smith and Henry Rood in September 1911 as a nationwide campaign, the Men and Religion Forward Movement (MRFM) emerged out of the cooperation between evangelical churches and religious agencies such as the ...