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Lowvoltage smallsize doublearm MEMS actuator
(2009)The fabrication and characterisation of a doublearm cantilevertype metallic DCcontact MEMS actuator with low pulldown voltage are reported. Bilayer TiW cantilevers with an internal stress gradient were fabricated using ... 
Lower bounds on the error probability of turbo codes
(IEEE, 20140607)We present lower bounds on the error probability of turbo codes under maximum likelihood (ML) decoding. We focus on additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels, and consider both ensembles of codes with uniform interleaving ... 
Lower bounds to moments of list size
(IEEE, 1990)Summary form only given. The listsize random variable L for a block code is defined as the number of incorrect messages that appear to a maximumlikelihood decoder to be at least as likely as the true message. Lower bounds ... 
Lower connectivity of tumor coexpression networks is not specific to cancer
(IOP, 201905)Global level network analysis of molecular links is necessary for systems level view of complex diseases like cancer. Using genomewide expression datasets, we constructed and compared gene coexpression based specific ... 
Lower degree bounds for modular vector invariants
(American Mathematical Society, 2007)Let G be a finite group of order divisible by a prime p acting on an F vector space V, where F is the field with p elements and dimF V = n. Consider the diagonal action of G on m copies of V. This note sharpens a lower ... 
Lower hedging of American contingent claims with minimal surplus risk in finitestate financial markets by mixedinteger linear programming
(2014)The lower hedging problem with a minimal expected surplus risk criterion in incomplete markets is studied for American claims in finite state financial markets. It is shown that the lower hedging problem with linear expected ... 
Lozan’la sınır ötesinde kalan Irak’lı bir Türkmen gencinin Türkiye’deki serüveni (19801990)
(Bilkent University, 2015) 
Lösemili Çocuklar Vakfı'nın tarihi
(Bilkent University, 2014) 
LQ optimal design at finitely many frequencies
(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1998)The notion of Linear Quadratic (LQ) optimality at a single frequency is developed in singleinput singleoutput (SISO) linear timeinvariant (LTI) system/quasistationary signal framework and the optimality condition is ... 
LSPR enhanced MSM UV photodetectors
(IOP Publishing, 20121018)We fabricated localized surface plasmon resonance enhanced UV photodetectors on MOCVD grown semiinsulating GaN. Plasmonic resonance in the UV region was attained using 36nm diameter Al nanoparticles. Extinction spectra ... 
Lucretia and the impossibility of female republicanism in Margaret Cavendish's sociable letters
(Blackwell Publishing, 2018)Margaret Cavendish is known for her personal allegiance to monarchy in England. This is reflected in her writings; as Hobbes did, she tended to criticize severely any attempt at rebellion and did not think England could ... 
The ludic production of space: gamification and spatial experience
(Bilkent University, 201908)This thesis traces the changes in the spatiality of play with a focus on conceptual and structural transformations play has undergone in the modern times. These transformations lead to the dissolution of the boundaries ... 
Lumbar curvature: a previously undiscovered standard of attractiveness
(Elsevier, 2015)This paper reports independent studies supporting the proposal that human standards of attractiveness reflect the output of psychological adaptations to detect fitnessrelevant traits. We tested novel a priori hypotheses ... 
Luminescence in quantumconfined cadmium selenide nanocrystals and nanorods in external electric fields
(Pleiades Publishing, 2009)It is found that the absorption and luminescence spectra of CdSe nanocrystals and nanorods depend on the external electric field. It is shown that the external electric field quenches the Ppolarized photoluminescence of ... 
Luminescence of Gold NanorodQuantum Dots Complexes
(World Scientific Publishing Company, 2019)The photoluminescence of gold nanorodquantum dots complexes was investigated in order to find optimal conditions for the luminescence enhancing. The number of quantum dots and polyelectrolyte layers on the gold nanorod ... 
Lumpability of linear evolution equations in banach spaces
(American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2017)We analyze the lumpability of linear systems on Banach spaces, namely, the possibility of projecting the dynamics by a linear reduction operator onto a smaller state space in which a selfcontained dynamical description ... 
Lumpable continuoustime stochastic automata networks
(Elsevier, 20030716)The generator matrix of a continuoustime stochastic automata network (SAN) is a sum of tensor products of smaller matrices, which may have entries that are functions of the global state space. This paper specifies easy ... 
Lumped element model of single CMUT in collapsed mode
(IEEE, 2013)In this study, an equivalent electrical circuit model for a single circular CMUT in both uncollapsed and collapsed modes is obtained. In order to model the collapsed mode mechanics, the governing differential equation is ... 
Lumped element modeling of circular CMUT in collopsed mode
(Bilkent University, 2014)Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer is a microelectromechanical device, which serves as an acoustic signal source or sensor, in a variety of applications including medical ultrasound imaging, ultrasound therapy, ... 
Lumped element modeling of CMUT arrays in collapsed mode
(IEEE, 201409)This study focuses on modeling collapsed modeoperation of CMUT arrays, and obtaining a small signal lumped element model for collapsed mode operation. Having the large signal model for single CMUT from previous studies, ...