Item Open AccessThe last man takes LSD: Foucault and the end of revolution(John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, 2022-08-01) Bryson, Dennis; Bryson, Dennis Item Open AccessA Muslim intellectual in Korea: Abdürreşid İbrahim (1857–1944) and Situating Korea in the Pan-Asian world order(UNESCO * Korean National Commission, 2022) Kubat, Muhammed Cihad; Kubat, Muhammed CihadAbdürreşid İbrahim, a leading Muslim scholar originally from Russia, embarked on his journey to Japan in 1908 to meet with his contacts from Kokuryūkai (Black Dragon Society). On his way back, he spent around ten days in the Korean Empire. İbrahim, who was convinced of the “barbarism” of the West, found quite a few examples in Korea to build upon his theory of “Eastern civility,” just as he had found during his time in Japan. He met with a range of people, from porters to the Korean Empire’s Interior Minister, and wrote about them in his travelogue titled Âlem-i İslam [The World of Islam]. This paper argues that İbrahim was particularly sympathetic to Koreans because he saw their position in a world of imperial hierarchies as analogous to that of Muslims in the Russian Empire. In Korea, İbrahim’s anti-Westernism is coupled with his vision of a Pan-Asian world order led by Imperial Japan. Âlem-i İslam is significant because it is the only account of the Korean Empire’s final years written by a Muslim intellectual. Item Open AccessNorth Korean military proliferation in the Middle East and Africa: Enabling violence and instability(Routledge, 2022-05-22) Kubat, Muhammed Cihad; Kubat, Muhammed Cihad Item Open AccessFreemasonry’s political and diplomatic entanglements in the last phase of Ottoman history: the peculiar case of the Committee of Union and Progress(Routledge, 2022-09-14) Tiryaki, Rüştü Murat; Tiryaki, Rüştü MuratFreemasonic activity in the Ottoman lands saw an unprecedented growth and dynamism in the final phase of Ottoman history particularly benefitting from its close association with the Young Turk movement and its political apparatus, the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). Ottoman freemasonry was led to a new level of popularity with a great deal of public visibility, a consequence of which was the formation of the Ottoman Grand Orient as a national organization for the first time in the Ottoman lands. Despite the ensuing controversial accusations and conspiracy theories against the freemasonic institution which became commonplace during the period in question, it occupied a place within the Ottoman state and society which it had never attained before. This made it possible for the Ottoman freemasons to integrate themselves to the universal fraternal discourse of the freemasonic philosophy during a last attempt of the Ottoman administration to keep its remaining lands intact. The intention of this article is to create a window within the broader picture of the socio-political environment of the time with a view to the position and involvement of freemasonry in which its association with the CUP often stands out as a major factor. Item Open AccessLaura Nasrallah, Annemarie Luijendijk and Charalambos Bakırtzıs (eds), from roman to early Christian Cyprus(Published by Cambridge University Press, 2022-01-28) Gülsevinç, F.; Zavagno, Luca; Zavagno, Luca Item Open AccessShields of the republic: the triumph and peril of America’s alliances by Mira Rapp-Hooper, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2020, 272 pp., £22.95 (hardback), ISBN: 9780674982956(Routledge, 2021-04-02) Weisbrode, Kenneth; Weisbrode, Kenneth Item Open AccessLocus, sanctus, et virtus: monastic surnaming in late medieval and early Tudor England reviewed(Brepols Publishers, 2021) Thornton, David Ewan; Thornton, David EwanThis article examines the apparent practice among monks and regular canons in England before the Dissolution of dropping their family surnames on admission/profession, and adopting instead a new ‘monastic byname’, derived from a place name (toponym) or, by the late fifteenth century onwards, from a saint’s name (hagionym) or a virtue. The article begins by reviewing evidence that this onomastic practice existed and determining how widespread it was. The nature and distribution of the toponymic, hagionymic, and virtue bynames are then examined in turn. The article concludes by considering the underlying reason for the adoption of monastic bynames and argues that this practice served as a means of reflecting symbolically the new monk’s or canon’s separation from lay society, and from his family in particular, and his incorporation into the monastic community. Item Open AccessA mynach by any other name . . . : the anthroponymy of the welsh cistercians, c.1300–1540(University of Wales Press, 2021-12-01) Thornton, David E.; Thornton, David E.This paper analyses the forenames and 'surnames' of over 600 monks associated with Cistercian abbeys in Wales between c .1300 and c.1540 in an attempt to determine what these names can reveal about the ethnic identities or identifications of their individual bearers and of their respective houses. The names are compared with those of white monks and other religious in England during the same period, as well as with naming patterns among the laity of contemporary Wales and England. The names of the brethren at different monasteries could vary significantly, and it is argued that this was a result partly of the stronger Welsh identity of the monks at certain Cistercian houses, but was also because the practice of adopting 'monastic bynames' – common at monasteries in late medieval England – was followed at some Welsh abbeys but not all. Item Open AccessFrom stay-at-home women to career-minded women: the Istanbul YWCA, 1919–1930(Routledge, 2021-07-26) Karabağ, Müzeyyen; Karabağ, MüzeyyenExamining the labor policies of the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) in Istanbul from 1919–1930, this article claims that the organization’s mainly American staff were critical of women who stayed at home because the idea of being ‘an individual’ for them meant working, or having a professional goal. They encouraged young women develop their individuality and self-expression as independent career-oriented women. By establishing an Employment Bureau, offering business training, presenting career-oriented role models and talks, YWCA staff encouraged young women to gain financial independence and pushed them towards making active decisions about their careers, detaching them from paternal and societal authority. Working for oneself and focusing on one’s own career became the key to taking control of one’s life and choices, pursuing personal happiness and potential, all of which was part of attaining a sense of individuality. Their prioritizing of having a career over marriage and motherhood contributed to feminist activism. This case-study argues that the YWCA’s mainly American staff at the Istanbul centers promoted the value of a professional identity for women beyond the bounds of nationalistic duty or motherhood, which contrasted with the late Ottoman state’s and Early Republican Turkey’s ideologies while simultaneously challenging gender roles and patriarchal codes. Item Open AccessModelling the maritime cultural landscape of the Costiera Amalfitana: the first three seasons of research (2016–2018)(Taylor & Francis, 2021-08-10) Harpster, M.; Trakadas, A.; Denel, E.; Capriglione, V.; Lucarini, C.; Meranda, M.; Morselli, M.; Pelling, R.; Bennett, I.; Zazzaro, C.; Demirci, Ö.; Donadio, C.; Ferranti, L.; Stanislao, C.; Zavagno, Luca; Pecci, P.; Zavagno, LucaHuman activity along the Amalfi coastline in Italy has been tied to the sea for millennia – for sustenance, migration, trade, warfare, and leisure. As a result, this region has an equally rich and extensive maritime cultural landscape composed of tangible and intangible elements. In 2016, a multi-disciplinary project began efforts to model and to understand changes within this landscape, and this essay presents the preliminary results of our first three seasons of work. Some efforts, such as the documentation of maritime cultural heritage in local museums, archival work, and geomorphological research proceeded smoothly. Unexpectedly, however, little material from the pre-modern era was found under water, adding questions to this study that future work in the Marine Protected Area west of Positano may answer. Item Open AccessStability or mobility? Movement between cistercian houses in late medieval England and wales(Peeters, 2019) Thornton, David E.; Thornton, David E.The movement or “transfer” by members of monastic orders between religious houses has generally been discouraged by ecclesiastical authorities.1 In the case of monks, transfer to another monastery technically contravenes the vow of stability made at profession and thereby requires not only the formal permission of the current superior but also a second profession at the new house (“change of stability”). However, there survives abundant evidence that monks and regular canons in medieval England and Wales did indeed move between houses. This paper will examine the question of movement between Cistercian monasteries in late medieval England and Wales, based upon an ongoing prosopographical study of English and Welsh Cistercians between c. 1300 to c. 1540, and in particular the suggestion, made by a number of historians, that Cistercian monks who bore a surname (or, what will hereafter be termed monastic byname)2 that was also the name of another Cistercian abbey had some previous association with that other abbey. In addition, the paper will also consider the related topic of the promotion of monks as abbots of other monasteries. Item Open AccessDid the Ottomans see UFOs? An 1838 Ottoman document about unusual celestial phenomenon(Institut d’Études balkaniques & Centre de Thracologie, 2019) Radushev, Evgeni; Sabev, O.; Radushev, EvgeniThe paper deals with an Ottoman document preserved in the Oriental Department of Sts. Cyril and Methodius National Library in Sofia. The document reveals that in October 1838 a heavy storm broke over in the night, followed by appearance of a round-shaped bright light. It illuminated the whole horizon and afterwards broke into pieces that fell down on the earth. The unusual celestial phenomenon was observed by the Ottoman soldiers camping nearby Mardin as well as the locals. They reported the case to the sultan, who was informed also of the opinion of the local men of religion, whose interpretation associated the phenomenon with a divine sign of forthcoming military victories. Item Open AccessBrief notes on the Byzantine Insular Urbanism between Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages(Center for Cyprus Studies-Eastern Mediterranean University, 2020) Zavagno, Luca; Zavagno, LucaThis paper aims at reassessing the concept of peripherality of the Byzantine insular world. It is suggested that Sicily, Crete and Cyprus (and to a lesser extent Malta, Sardinia and the Balearics) acted as a third political and economic pole between the Anatolian plateau and the Aegean Sea in the Byzantine Mediterranean. This will shed “archeological” light on some parallel economic and political trajectories of the urban centers located on two of the abovementioned islands: Salamis-Constantia on Cyprus and Gortyn in Crete during the transition from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages. Item Open AccessBir Asya içecegi (Bevanda Asiatica), Kont Luigi Ferdinando Marsili ve Osmanlı kahve kültürü(Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations Harvard University, 2019) Kalpaklı, Mehmet; Mercan, F. Özden; Kalpaklı, Mehmet; Mercan, F. ÖzdenBu makalede Osmanlı kahve kültürünü tanıtmak ve öğretmek amacıyla 17. yüzyıl İtalyan entelektüellerinden Kont Luigi Ferdinando Marsili tarafından 1685 yılında yayımlanan Bevanda Asiatica [Bir Asya İçeceği] başlıklı kitap incelenmiştir. Henüz Batının pek bilmediği bir içecek olan ve Türklerin çokça tükettiği kahvenin sağlık açısından önemini vurgulayan Marsili, Hezârfen Hüseyin Efendi’ye ait olduğunu belirttiği kahve bitkisinin özellikleri ve yararları üzerine Osmanlı Türkçesinde yazılmış kısa bir metni de bu kitabına eklemiştir. Bu anlamda Marsili’nin bu eseri Doğu-Batı arasındaki bilgi aktarımının ve kültürel değiş-tokuşun somut bir örneği olması açısından önemlidir. Mevcut literatürde Luigi F. Marsili’nin hayatı, eserleri ve askerî kimliğiyle ilgili yapılmış çalışmalar olmasına rağmen, kahve kitabından hemen hemen hiçbir yerde bahsedilmemekte ya da sadece ismi anılarak geçilmektedir. Bu makalede, Marsili’nin kahveyle tanışma süreci incelenmiş ve kaleme aldığı Bevanda Asiatica’nın içeriği değerlendirilmiştir. Item Open AccessA stunt, a shut-down, and heavy diplomatic propaganda: the story of Curtiss-Wright Corporation’s penetration to the Turkish market(University of Bucharest, 2020) İplikçi, Murat; İplikçi, MuratThis article analyzes Curtiss-Wright Aerospace Industry’s inflow process to the Turkish market in the early 1930s. In these years, aviation was a quite significant industry that contributed economic, military, and political prestige of the states. Progressive decision-makers of Turkey were looking for an opportunity to establish a partnership with a multinational company to manufacture its own aircraft because the young state was destitute of such technology. Curtiss-Wright was eager to do business in Turkey; two American pilots’ record-breaking flight from New York to Istanbul in 1931; withdraw of German Junkers Aerospace Industry’s from Turkey in 1929 and American Ambassador Joseph Grew’s public diplomacy between 1927 to 1932, helped this process. Item Open AccessEarly modern Ottoman politics of emotion: what has love got to do with it?(Brill Academic Publishers, 2020) Tekgül, Nil; Tekgül, NilDespite a growing interest worldwide in the history of emotions, the topic has attracted the attention of scholars of Ottoman history only recently. In an attempt to understand the motivations underlying political undertakings, this article explores emotions, with a specific focus on mahabbet (love) and merhamet (compassion). It examines the social meaning attached to and the cultural importance of love and compassion in early modern Ottoman political language. I claim that as a socially constructed and political emotion, compassion was historically and culturally significant, serving as a tool to formulate political relations of domination and subordination. Item Open AccessTarihçilerin bilgi arama davranışları(Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği, 2007) Birinci, Hatice Gülşen; Birinci, Hatice GülşenTarihi 1940’lı yıllara dayanan kullanıcı araştırmaları içinde 1970’li yıllardan itibaren yer alan tarihçiler, birçok araştırmaya konu olmuştur. Bu makalede tarihçilerin bilgi arama davranışları; bilgi kaynakları, bilgi kanalları, bilgi merkezleri ve bilgi teknolojileri açısından ele alınarak bilgi kullanım özellikleri ortaya çıkarılmaya çalışılmıştır.