Browsing Scholarly Publications by Type "Book Chapter"
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Item Open Access1814'ten 2011 'e Seyahatname araştırmalarının tarihçesi(T.C. Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı, 2011) Tezcan, Nuran; Tezcan, Nuran; Tezcan, S. Item Open Access2008-2011 world economic crisis, new paradigms, science methodology, information systems, and decision systems(IGI Global, 2014) Güvenen, O.The human society and market structures need a "regulatory framework," new paradigms which endogenize ethics, efficiency, rights, and minimize risks in decision systems, which can converge in peace and human sustainability. Ethics is a necessary condition for any system at the individual, institutional, corporation, national, and international levels. Globalization with automation transformed global market parameters. Information distortion in information systems may create high alternative costs such as problems of quantification of socio-economic phenomena and negative impacts on quantitative and qualitative distortions in decision-making structures. In the 21st century, it became a necessary condition to transform power driven systems to science and culture and endogenize ecology, ethics, which aims "human optimal" welfare decision systems at the world level. © 2015, IGI Global. Item Open Access3D Force field spectroscopy(Springer, Cham, 2015) Baykara, Mehmet Z.; Schwarz, U. D.; Morita, S.; Giessibl, F. J.; Meyer, E.; Wiesendanger, R.With recent advances in instrumentation and experimental methodology, noncontact atomic force microscopy is now being frequently used to measure the atomic-scale interactions acting between a sharp probe tip and surfaces of interest as a function of three spatial dimensions, via the method of three-dimensional atomic force microscopy (3D-AFM). In this chapter, we discuss the different data collection and processing approaches taken towards this goal while highlighting the associated advantages and disadvantages in terms of correct interpretation of results. Additionally, common sources of artifacts in 3D-AFM measurements, including thermal drift, piezo nonlinearities, and tip-related issues such as asymmetry and elasticity are considered. Finally, the combination of 3D-AFM with simultaneous scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) is illustrated on surface-oxidized Cu(100). We conclude the chapter by an outlook regarding the future development of the 3D-AFM method. Item Open Access3D thumbnails for 3D videos with depth(IGI Global, 2011) Yigit, Y.; Isler, S. F.; Capin, T.In this chapter, we present a new thumbnail format for 3D videos with depth, 3D thumbnail, which helps users to understand the content by preserving the recognizable features and qualities of 3D videos. The current thumbnail solutions do not give the general idea of the content and are not illustrative. In spite of the existence of 3D media content databases, there is no thumbnail representation for 3D contents. Thus, we propose a framework that generates 3D thumbnails from layered depth video (LDV) and video plus depth (V+D) by using two different methodologies on importance maps: Saliency-depth and layer based approaches. Finally, several experiments are presented that indicate 3D thumbnails are illustrative. © 2012, IGI Global. Item Open Access6098 sayılı Yeni Türk Borçlar Kanunu’nun irade sakatlıkları ve gabine (aşırı yararlanmaya) ilişkin hükümlerinin değerlendirilmesi(Ankara Üniversitesi Yayınları, 2017) Çağlayan-Aksoy, Pınar; Oğuz, A.; Özden Merhacı, S.; Özkan, Z.; Umut Erkan, V. Item Open AccessAb-initio atomic scale study of nearly frictionless surfaces(Elsevier, 2007) Çıracı, Salim; Yıldırım, T.; Dağ, S.; Gülseren, Oğuz; Çıracı, Salim; Erdemir, A.; Martin, J. -M.This chapter presents a comparative analysis of the dry sliding friction between the atomically flat and commensurate surfaces of two different systems: between two diamond (001) surfaces and between two BN (001) surfaces. The interaction between bare diamond (001) - (2 × 1) surfaces is strongly attractive until there is a small spacing d ∼ 1.5 Å, and the interaction forms strong chemical bonds between two surfaces. However, the interaction turns repulsive if two surfaces are pushed under high loading force. Upon hydrogenation, hydrogen atoms donate charge to the carbon atom and become positively charged. The interaction between surfaces carrying the same type of charge becomes repulsive. This appears to be the most important component of the superlow friction. The repulsive interaction persists at any relative position of the sliding surfaces and is strong even at large distance to prevent C-H bonds from merging. Strong and stiff C-H bonds and stiff diamond crystal by itself prevent excessive energy from dissipation. The oxygenation of surfaces in the atmospheric conditions finally destroys the steady repulsive interaction. However, the interaction between two bare reconstructed BN (001) surfaces is different from that of the diamond (001) surface because of the ionic nature of the crystal. BN being an ionic crystal with electron transfers from B to N, the bare surface is already negatively charged. Under these circumstances, the strong chemical interaction is canceled by the repulsive Coulombic interaction, resulting in a weak attractive interaction. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Item Open AccessAchieving inclusion in public spaces: A shopping mall case study(Springer, London, 2012) Afacan, Yasemin; Afacan, Yasemin Item Open AccessAdapting iterative-improvement heuristics for scheduling file-sharing tasks on heterogeneous platforms(Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008) Kaya, Kamer; Uçar, B.; Aykanat, Cevdet; Aykanat, Cevdet; Xhafa, F.; Abraham, A.We consider the problem of scheduling an application on a computing system consisting of heterogeneous processors and one or more file repositories. The application consists of a large number of file-sharing, otherwise independent tasks. The files initially reside on the repositories. The interconnection network is heterogeneous. We focus on two disjoint problem cases. In the first case, there is only one file repository which is called as the master processor. In the second case, there are two or more repositories, each holding a distinct set of files. The problem is to assign the tasks to the processors, to schedule the file transfers from the repositories, and to order the executions of tasks on each processor in such a way that the turnaround time is minimized. This chapter surveys several solution techniques; but the stress is on our two recent works [22,23]. At the first glance, iterative-improvement-based heuristics do not seem to be suitable for the aforementioned scheduling problems. This is because their immediate application suggests iteratively improving a complete schedule, and hence building and exploring a complex neighborhood around the current schedule. Such complex neighborhood structures usually render the heuristics time-consuming and make them stuck to a part of the search space. However, in both of the our recent works, we show that these issues can be solved by using a three-phase approach: initial task assignment, refinement, and execution ordering. The main thrust of these two works is that iterative-improve-based heuristics can efficiently deliver effective solutions, implying that iterative-improve-based heuristics can provide highly competitive solutions to the similar scheduling problems. Item Open AccessAdaptive states and the new transnational security regime(Routledge, 2010) Aydınlı, Ersel; Aydınlı, Ersel Item Open AccessAddressing Kurdish separatism in Turkey(Palgrave Macmillan, 1999) Müftüler-Baç, Meltem; Ross, M. H.; Rothman, J.One of the ongoing themes in descriptions of ethnic conflicts and their settlement is that there is a role for a wide range of interveners. The reason for this may be simple: that there is a great deal which needs to occur before hostile groups can find ways to live together in relativepeace. A well-developed theory of ethnic conflict resolution would not only take into account the roles that different actors can play in the process, but would also offer insights into the particular roles each might play at different stages of a conflict. Item Open AccessThe adoption of pictorial imagery in Minoan wall painting: a comparativist perspective(The American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 2004) Gates, Charles; Chapin, A.A striking feature of Minoan wall paintings is the sudden adoption of pictorial imagery in the Neopalatial period. This change calls for an explanation, but so far, that explanation has proved elusive. Those specialists in Aegean frescoes who have addressed this problem have focused on the possible artistic antecedents or on the functions of the mural imagery, notably its putative religious and decorative purposes, but have not considered the circumstances that gave rise to such imagery in the first place. This paper will explore these issues of origins and functions, with particular attention paid to Knossos. The explanation proposed here, with the help of three cross-cultural comparisons, is that pictorial imagery in Minoan wall painting resulted from the major political change that marked the transition from the Protopalatial to Neopalatial periods on Crete: the consolidation of island-wide power in Knossos, in the hands not of an auto- crat, but of an oligarchic or theocratic regime. Pictorial imagery, at least in Neopalatial Crete, is not only an artistic preference, but also an ideological choice, an expression of particular political, social, and religious conditions. Item Open AccessAdvances in business analytics at HP laboratories(Springer, Boston, 2010) Beyer, D.; Clearwater, S.; Chen, K. Y.; Feng, Q.; Huberman, B. A.; Jain, S.; Jamal, Z.; Şen, Alper; Tang, H. K.; Tarjan, B.; Ward, J.; Zhang, A.; Zhang, B.; Sodhi, M. S.; Tang, C. S.HP Labs’ Business Optimization Lab is a group of researchers focused on developing innovations in business analytics that deliver value to HP. This chapter describes several activities of the Business Optimization Lab, including work in product portfolio management, prediction markets, modeling of rare events in marketing, and supply chain network design. Item Open AccessAdvances in nanoparticle‐based medical diagnostic and therapeutic techniques(John Wiley & Sons, 2016-03-11) Sardan, Melis; Özkan, Alper Devrim; Zengin, Aygül; Tekinay, Ayşe B.; Güler, Mustafa O.; Güler, Mustafa O.; Güler, Mustafa O.; Tekinay, Ayşe B.Advances in modern medicine have eliminated several major causes of human mortality and considerably extended life expectancies around the world; however, this increase in the global age average has also boosted the incidences of age‐associated disorders. These conditions, such as cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, and cardiovascular disease, severely decrease the quality of life for the affected but are highly polymorphic and often difficult to treat. This chapter describes the characteristics of nanoparticle (NP) contrast agents (CAs) proposed for use in medical imaging, and details the surface modification methods used to designate specific targets for their attachment. It then compares their effectiveness and toxicity compared to conventional methods of contrast enhancement, and discusses the contribution that nanoscience has had, and will have, on medical imaging and disease diagnosis at large. Item Open AccessThe Aegean disputes(Foreign Policy Institute, 2004) İnan, Yüksel; Acer, Y.; Karaosmanoğlu, Ali L.; Taşhan, S.The present study aims at evaluating, in their present situation, the Aegean disputes by reflecting particularly the Turkish views of the issues in an objective manner without a particular effort to judge who is right and who is wrong. The review excludes the disputes over the air traffic service (ATS) and the related ones to that and also over the military conducts within NATO, due to both space limitations and the need to focus on the other issues that draw the attention of the public. Item Open AccessAfterword(Cambridge University Press, 2011) Weisbrode K.; Patel K.K.In the time since our 2010 workshop, the European Union has generated a good deal of drama. A serious debt crisis in Greece was repeated in Ireland, Spain, Italy, and Portugal. It threatened to undermine the basic fabric of not only the Eurozone but also of the entire European project, according to some pessimists. Commitment to the implementation of drastic, but much-needed fiscal reforms stood against the idea of European solidarity and a radical, Europe-wide growth plan. The many reform steps that the member states agreed on brought partial remedy but most were concluded under considerable time pressure, in which global markets instead of parliamentary procedures dictated the speed and direction. What they did bring was greater power of oversight for Brussels, yet at the time of this writing, it is still unclear how and if the sovereign debt crisis will be resolved on a more permanent basis. Much of the commentary about the crisis, which in fact came to seem less like a crisis than a saga over the course of 2011 and 2012, placed the blame for it on two sources, primarily: the after effect of the 2008 global financial collapse and the structural flaws of the Maastricht Treaty. The latter case relates directly to the various themes and problems raised in the preceding chapters. To recapitulate the standard, although oversimplified and perhaps overdrawn calculus of German reunification: it was meant to take place within a stronger European institutional structure, which the Treaty of Maastricht and the various NATO-related promises – described in detail in Frédéric Bozo’s chapter – were supposed to bring about. Specifically, it also meant the adoption of a new currency – the Euro – that, largely on French insistence, Germany had to support and, largely on Jacques Delors’s insistence, Europe had to embrace as the means to counter Margaret Thatcher’s push for a liberalized internal market. Both went against the instincts of many people, particularly in West Germany where a strong Deutschmark and various forms of protection were sacrosanct, but Helmut Kohl agreed to the compromise. © Cambridge University Press 2013.