Browsing Theses - Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design by Issue Date
Now showing 1 - 20 of 220
Results Per Page
Item Open AccessItalian furniture design after 1945(Bilkent University, 1992) Aksoy, SedefThe aim of this study is to investigate the Italian furniture design from different aspects which has showed an incremental development and has gained an international success after the Second World War. Political, cultural and socio-economic impacts, technological developments and the materials that are used to create innovative designs are discussed in a historical perspective. Various factors that support its success; manufacturing firms, the designers, Milan furniture fairs and Triennials, periodicals and Composso D ’oro awards are analysed. The important design movements and leading designers of Italian furniture design are studied taking into consideration their philosophical and artistic concerns. Item Open AccessFurniture systems for the automated office(Bilkent University, 1992) Farivarsadri, Guita AviralFurniture systems are widely used in offices which utilise computers and related equipments. However, these systems are not always efficient and do not satisfy the needs of the organizations and the users. The aim of this study is to analyze these systems used in the automated offices and to set some criteria for their design. These criteria are derived from organizational, functional and technical needs and ergonomic and social considerations. Item Open AccessThe kitchen activities and needs of the middle-income Turkish household(Bilkent University, 1992) Kutlusoy Güvenç, SibelIn this research, the kitchen activities and needs of the urban middle-income Turkish household have been examined, in order to improve space and storage facilities in the kitchens of social housing units. A field survey carried out on a sample population of 100 middle-incarie households has shown the inefficiency of social housing kitchens in Turkey. Item Open AccessDesign considerations of the internal shell of automated offices in banks(Bilkent University, 1992) Genceli, Mahmut CelalettinThe technical requirements of bank offices to handle automation are examined within the scope of the study. Starting with the general historical background of offices, open office plan is chosen as the domain. Office technology and its related procedures are examined. Designer’s concern to the technical problems are pointed out. Design problems ai'e stated and related solutions are suggested. A checklist is proposed for the designers, that can be used for taking precautions and making the necessary alterations during the design phase Item Open AccessInterior lay-outs of housing: a proposal for the design of built-in furniture in the form of patterns(Bilkent University, 1992) Genç, Zeynep SabuncuoğluToday, a considerable number of studies are being carried out in the field of housing design. Among those, however, the number of studies pertaining to the inner organizations of housing designs do not seem to be adequate. In this specific study, problematic issues of furniture adaptation to housing schemes have been dealt with and it is claimed that the discipline of interior design should effectively be integrated into the decision making process of housing design. Along this line, the built-in furniture examples of traditional Turkish house and Le Corbusier's Modulor concept have been investigated. Further, the relation between user (urbanized family) and the furniture layouts of housing been touched upon following which a number of design proposals in the form of patterns are presented. Item Open AccessColor in interior spaces(Bilkent University, 1992) Demirörs, Müge BozbeyliColor can be approached from different perspectives and disciplines such as, biology, theory, technology, and psychology. This thesis discusses color, from the stand point of interior spaces, which to some extent involves most of these disciplines. The aim of this study is to review the research on environmental color. It will summarize what is empirically known about our responses to color, how, if at all, color ) influences the perception of an interior, how it is effected under different light sources or if it is effected from each other. The effects of light on color will try to be verified by using a 'color and light simulator'. Item Open AccessEvaluation of interior shopping mall design within the context of urban public realm(Bilkent University, 1993) Parlar, Z. MerveThis work puts forth a different point of view for the evaluation of the design of interior shopping malls. In this approach, public interior spaces are defined and analyzed as a component of the urban public realm. The problems and concepts of interior shopping malls are analyzed in a historical perspective, after briefly introducing the relationship between the city and the public realm, the city and the interior shopping mall. Thus the aspects of urban public realm and the design criteria of interior shopping malls are obtained and defined. Finally, based on these aspects and criteria, interior shopping malls in Ankara are analyzed. The stages of development and typologies derived from these analyses are discussed in teims of the context of urban public realm. All researches and analysis aim to form a basis for an interdisciplinary study, and to draw attention to the interaction of 'exterior space', 'building mass' and 'interior space'. Item Open AccessUser interfaces for computer-aided architectural design(Bilkent University, 1993) Kulaksız, AygünThe rapidly developing technology of the twentieth century has transformed the general use of computers into a specific, convenient, and necessary tool for professionals. As in each profession, they are also used by architects. But, architects have some problems with the properties of user-computer interface that inherit from the times when computers were only used by computer professionals. Considering the architects professional needs and expectations, this thesis intends to avoid the unsatisfying results of this poor dialogue. After mentioning the development of human-computer interaction, the specific problems that a new user may face and the characteristics of a well designed interface are described. Although there are much more primitive action units performed by the user, the essential ones such as interaction tasks, the complementaries like controlling tasks that may be preferred by architects are examined. Different types of interaction techniques which respond to the various kinds of requirements of these tasks are explained, by identifying their advantages and disadvantages. In order to establish the architects’ intended goals, some formal specifications, standards and prototypes that are required by the increasing needs for communication, the access of information technology and the rising involvement of architects into the computer-aided technology, are identified. Gradually the evaluation of the interface is stated as a guidehne both for the architect who wants to use a software and the computer programmer who wants to write a software for the architects. Item Open AccessDesign of a modular playground equipment system for physically (motor) disabled children(Bilkent University, 1993) Sağdıç, Yaprak SavutThe elements of a medium for gathering the able and disable bodied children are examined within the scope of this study. Starting from the importance of play for children, the characteristics and the properties of the middle childhood are chosen as the domain. The play spaces and the playgrounds including the equipment are examined. The types of disabilities with special emphasize on the physically disabled ones are investigated. The motor type of disabled ones are specified as the potential user group. Besides, the assistive devices and rehabilitative apparatus used by the physically (motor) disabled children are pointed out. Finally, a modular playground equipment system is designed for the physically disabled children, which can serve both as a rehabilitation apparatus and a center for gathering all children in a playground to enjoy themselves. Item Open AccessPostmodernism as an interior space design approach(Bilkent University, 1993) Güven, Yılmaz BurakThis thesis discusses the postmodern condition in postindustrialist societies and its impact on architecture and interior design. The sociological and philosophical conditions that prepare and form the postmodern, postindustrial culture are discussed. The reflections of these conditions both to Western architecture and to interior designs are observed with case studies. The impact of postmodernism in Turkey - which is not a postindustrial society, as a matter of fact -as a style in architecture and interior design is examined and case studies are done to supplement this phenomenon. The relevance of postmodernism for Turkey and its prospective contribution to substantiate our original interior design practice and theory is discussed. Item Open AccessCulture-space relationship: Japanese traditional residential interiors(Bilkent University, 1993) Erdemir, ElifThe aim of the present study is to put forth the relationship between culture and space, through the examples from Japanese culture and Japanese traditional residential interior spaces. Therefore, at the first attempt culture and space concepts are defined. Then cultural determinants; family, religion and philosophy, site and climate, anthropometry and perception of space are analysed through the Japanese point of view. Traditional Japanese residential interior space elements; entrance, rooms, furniture and sliding screens, other services and being an extension of interior space veranda and garden are explained briefly according to their general organization. Within this context, the effects of Japanese cultural variables on Japanese traditional residential interiors are discussed. Item Open AccessProposal for improving computer aid to interior architectural design(Bilkent University, 1993) Şenyapılı, BurcuIn this work, several proposals are put forth in order to render computer-aid to interior architecture more efficient and easy-to-use. Considering the role of computer in architecture as a design assistant, the factors establishing this position have been discussed. Based on these factors and aspects of interior architecture, proposals are introduced. The proposals aim firstly at creating an interactive design environment where designers do not have to be specialized ‘in computers’, but ‘with the aid of computers’; secondly, at drawing attention to potential areas of study in computer-aid in design related to aspects particular to the profession of interior architecture. Finally, the expected contributions of the proposals introduced are discussed in terms of interior architectural practice and education, discussing the new definition of the profession and future trends. Item Open AccessNoise problem in primary schools in Ankara(Bilkent University, 1994) Özüpek, AyşegülIn this study, the problem of noise in primary schools is examined, by indicating the negative effects of this problem on the physiological, psychological, and social well-being of human beings, and on the effectiveness of teaching and learning process. By proving the excessive noise levels in primary schools in Ankara, it is aimed that, to take attentions of specialists to the subject of noise, and to make them consider this problem in the planning of new schools and in the renovation process of older school buildings. Item Open AccessConnotations of furniture from Art Nouveau Scotland to contemporary Turkey: Mackintosh's Ladderback Chair(Bilkent University, 1994) Güray, EsraThe aim of this study is to provide insight to the concept of furniture, and its everchanging connotations, as a prominent category of design. In this respect. Mackintosh’s Ladderback chair, being renowned as a classic piece, offers the means for description of such transfiguration process through time, culture and place. This comparative study, of its initial context and contemporary implications, intends to reveal the reasons of its esoteric composition as well as the meanings and intentions for its selection within contemporary interiors. Thus, this aspect will also bring forth tendencies regarding furniture production and acquisition in Turkey, particularly after the 80’s. Item Open AccessStage lighting and its influence on architectural lighting(Bilkent University, 1994) Ozatilgan, Husnu AydinIn this work, fundamentals of stage lighting are analyzed along with their historical and technological background. It is stated that there is an influence of stage lighting on architectural lighting. Consequently it is stated that stage lighting is the basis of architectural lighting and there is an important interaction between them. Item Open AccessPerception and evaluation of spaciousness in interior spaces(Bilkent University, 1994) Demirörs, ÇiğdemMan and Built-Environment studies have incre^ased rapidly in recent years, leading to a better understanding and eKamini^tion of the effects of different architectural variables on the assessment of interior spaces. The aim of this thesis is to cxnalyse the effects of some of these factors, namely, room geometry, color, lighting, window, and furniture on the perception and evaluation of spacioussness. These have been studied in the con text of man-environment interactions, based on the studies of well-known researchers of the field. In addition, two case-studies have been conducted to study the effects of furniture organization and lighting arrangements on the assessment of interior spaces in terms of spaciousness. Item Open AccessLighting of open plan (automated) offices(Bilkent University, 1995) Öner, İlkinLighting in Open Plan (Automated) offices is an important factor for the workers performance and productivity. Generally, physiological and psychological requirements of the office lighting are being neglected while designing or relocating of the office environment. Hence, offices become unpleasant places to work in. The aim of this study is to analyze lighting requirements of open plan automated offices and to prepare a set of criteria for the lighting design of these spaces. Item Open AccessReflections on environmental control: luminous and sonic environments inside the design studio(Bilkent University, 1995) Önen, ÖmerIn this thesis, two environmental control parameters -lighting and acoustics - are studied. Since one of architecture's primary concerns is to provide human beings with comfort, emphasis is put on the approach that design decisions pertaining to lighting and acoustics should be considered in the earlier phases of the designing process. The design studio has been chosen since it houses many different functions simultaneously, with its significance as the place where design education actually begins. Accordingly, norms, numeric standards and common designing principles are compiled for design studios. Then, the lighting (luminance, illuminance) and acoustics (sound pressure level) performances of the design studios of the Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture of Bilkent University are measured. The results are, finally, evaluated and concluded with general technical advice for the amelioration of the measured studios. Item Open AccessInterior space organization of nineteenth century shops in Burdur Arasta(Bilkent University, 1995) Sarıçetin, YeldaThe aim of this study is to analyse the interior space organizations of three 19th century shops in Burdur Arasta. In order to make decisions on functional and aesthetic solutions about them, it is necessary to have a definite knowledge about the background of commerce and commercial space. Therefore, a historical research was carried out about the development of the commercial life, commercial spaces and tradesmen in Anatolia under Turkish hegemony until the end of the 19th century. Furthermore, the development of the single shop unit and shopping methods in general and in Turkey were examined with examples throughout history. Additionally, a field survey is carried out in Burdur Arasta. As a result of the field survey, Burdur Arasta, Karagoz Shops in particular, were studied with the first-hand information. Consequently, three of the Karagoz Shops were appraised with contemporary solutions. Item Open AccessLighting merchandising areas in shops(Bilkent University, 1995) Adalıoğlu, İpekThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the factors affecting the lighting design of the merchandising areas and depending on the findings, to achieve lighting criteria that are necessary to constitute a comfortable and attractive selling environment. In order to determine these general criteria, the factors which affect the correct and comfortable perception of the merchandise and the effects of light on color are stated. Afterwards, several methods are indicated in order to avoid glare in the shop windows, and mostly preferred lighting methods are defined. Additionally, light sources, lighting fixtures, lighting systems used for the illumination of the merchandising areas are discussed. Finally, general lighting criteria are obtained for the merchandising areas in shops.