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Item Open Access Item Open AccessHow dysfunctional are the dysfunctional attitudes in another culture?(1992) Şahin, N. H.; Şahin, N.The Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS-A) has been used in many studies to measure depressogenic attitudes, vulnerability to depression and to assess the effectiveness of cognitive therapy. Despite its frequent use in research, no data have yet been reported on its item validity. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the item validity and psychometric properties of the DAS-A in the Turkish cultural context. The subjects were 345 university students. The locally adapted versions of the Beck Depression Inventory and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire were also administered. The reliability coefficients and the factor structure of the DAS-A were found to be similar to those reported in the West. However, the total mean was found to be unusually, high. The reason for this elevated mean score was as found to reside in the response patterns of the subjects to the reverse items. None of these 10 reverse items discriminated the dysphoric and non-dysphoric groups. A closer examination revealed these 10 items to reflect autonomous attitudes. It seems that these 10 reverse items do nothing but distort the mean scores and render cross-cultural comparisons difficult. Recent research on depression shows that, while autonomy may or may not be related to depression, sociotropy has consistent association with it. Researchers in other cultures and those working with minority and immigrant groups are warned against this bias inherent in the DAS-A. Item Open AccessReliability and validity of the Turkish version of the automatic thoughts questionnaire(Wiley, 1992) Sahin, N. H.; Sahin, N.The present study investigated the reliability and validity of the ATQ in the Turkish cultural context. It is hoped that with this type of cross- cultural information, the universality of the proposed cognitive constructs can be advocated more reliably. The subjects were 345 university students; the split-half reliability of the ATQ was found to be r = .91 and Cronbach's alpha was .93; and item/total correlations ranged between .36 and .69. The Turkish ATQ correlated well with the BDI (r = .75), and it discriminated successfully between the symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Factor analysis revealed five factors that were similar to those found in American samples. Nevertheless, some differences were noticed in the relative strength of the factors and in the distribution of items into factor clusters. Item Open AccessInjection thermoelectric effect in ballistic metal-insulator point contacts(1993) Kulik, I. O.; Shkorbatov, A. G. Item Open AccessExploring the sociotropy-autonomy dimensions in a sample of Turkish psychiatric inpatients(Wiley, 1993) Sahin, N.; Ulusoy, M.; Sahin, N.The present study explored the constructs of sociotropy and autonomy with a group of Turkish depressed inpatients, who were administered the Beck Depression Inventory, the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, and the Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale. A comparison group of students from three SES levels also were included in the study. Comparisons were made on the scale scores among the non-dysphoric students, the dysphoric students, and the depressed patients. The results seem to support the relationship of sociotropy with other depression measures in both samples. However, several problems were encountered with the construct autonomy as it is conceptualized in the Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale. Item Open AccessChanging settlement intentions of Turkish Immigrants(1994) Icduygu, A. Item Open AccessChanging settlement intention of the Turkish immigrants in Australia and Sweden(Edition Parabolis, 1994) Icduygu, A. Item Open AccessProblematizing the state in international relations theory(Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1994) Keyman, Emin Fuat; Sjolander, C. T.; Cox, W. S. Item Open AccessWeak form efficiency in the thinly traded Turkish Stock Exchange(Association for Middle East Economic Research, 1994) Sengul, G. M.; Ünal, M. Item Open AccessAbsorbing boundary condition for the Schrödinger equation(TÜBİTAK, 1995) Ecemiş, M. İhsan; Yalabık, M. Celal; Ecemiş, M. İhsan; Yalabık, M. Celal Item Open AccessParadoxes of Turkish democratic development: the struggle between the military-bureaucratic "founders" of democracy and new democratic forces(Westview Press, 1995) Özbudun, Ergun; Chehabi, H. E.; Stepan, A.