### Browsing by Author "Fadaie, M."

Now showing 1 - 3 of 3

###### Results Per Page

###### Sort Options

Item Open Access Electronic and optical properties of stanane and armchair stanane nanoribbons(Springer, 2020-04) Fadaie, M.; Dideban, D.; Gülseren, Og̈uzShow more In this study, we performed a density functional theory based investigation of the structural, electronic, and optical properties of a stanane, fully hydrogenated stanene SnH, and armchair stanane nanoribbons ASnHNRs. Our full geometry optimization calculations show stanane has 0.84 Å buckled height and the buckled structure is preserved in ASnHNRs. The optimized lattice parameter of stanane, Sn–Sn, and Sn–H bond length are 4.58 Å, 2.75Å, and 1.73 Å, respectively. Electronic structure calculations show that stanane is a moderate-band-gap semiconductor with a direct band gap of 1.2 eV and ASnHNRs are wide-band-gap semiconductors. The band gap of ASnHNRs decreases as the ribbons width increases. We investigated the optical properties for two directions of polarization. For perpendicular-polarized light, the imaginary part of dielectric function ε2(ω)ε2(ω) of stanane peaks between 5 and 10 eV; while for the parallel-polarized light, the peaks are seen in a wide range of energy. According to the results, stanane is a good absorptive matter, especially for visible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. The presence of anisotropy with respect to the type of light polarization is observed in ASnHNRs also. In these structures, the main peak of ε2(ω)ε2(ω) is located at 3.4 eV for parallel- and in 6–8 eV for perpendicular-polarized light.Show more Item Open Access First-principles investigation of armchair stanene nanoribbons(Elsevier B.V., 2018) Fadaie, M.; Shahtahmassebi, N.; Roknabad, M. R.; Gülseren, OğuzShow more In this study, we systematically investigated the structural, electronic and optical properties of armchair stanene nanoribbons (ASNRs) by using the first-principles calculations. First, we performed full geometry optimization calculations on various finite width ASNRs where all the edge Sn atoms are saturated by hydrogen atoms. The buckled honeycomb structure of two dimensional (2D) stanene is preserved, however the bond length between the edge Sn atoms is shortened to 2.77 Å compared to the remaining bonds with 2.82 Å length. The electronic properties of these nanoribbons strongly depend on their ribbon width. In general, band gap opens and increases with decreasing nanoribbon width indicating the quantum confinement effect. Consequently, the band gap values vary from a few meV exhibiting low-gap semiconductor (quasi-metallic) behavior to ∼0.4-0.5 eV showing moderate semiconductor character. Furthermore, the band gap values are categorized into three groups according to modulo 3 of integer ribbon width N which is the number of Sn atoms along the width. In order to investigate the optical properties, we calculated the complex dielectric function and absorption spectra of ASNRs, they are similar to the one of 2D stanene. For light polarized along ASNRs, in general, largest peaks appear around 0.5 eV and 4.0 eV in the imaginary part of dielectric functions, and there are several smaller peaks between them. These major peaks redshifts, slightly to the lower energies of incident light with increasing nanoribbon width. On the other hand, for light polarized perpendicular to the ribbon, there is a small peak around 1.6 eV, then, there is a band formed from several peaks from 5 eV to ∼7.5 eV, and the second one from 8 eV to ∼9.5 eV. Moreover, the peak positions hardly move with varying nanoribbon width, which indicates that quantum confinement effect is not playing an essential role on the optical properties of armchair stanene nanoribbons. In addition, our calculations of the optical properties indicate the anisotropy with respect to the type of light polarization. This anisotropy is due to the quasi-2D nature of the nanoribbons.Show more Item Open Access Investigation of new two-dimensional materials derived from stanene(Elsevier, 2017-09) Fadaie, M.; Shahtahmassebi, N.; Roknabad, M. R.; Gulseren, O.Show more In this study, we have explored new structures which are derived from stanene. In these new proposed structures, half of the Sn atoms, every other Sn atom in two-dimensional (2D) buckled hexagonal stanene structure, are replaced with a group- IV atom, namely C, Si or Ge. So, we investigate the structural, electronic and optical properties of SnC, SnGe and SnSi by means of density functional theory based first-principles calculations. Based on our structure optimization calculations, we conclude that while SnC assumes almost flat structure, the other ones have buckled geometry like stanene. In terms of the cohesive energy, SnC is the most stable structure among them. The electronic properties of these structures strongly depend on the substituted atom. We found that SnC is a large indirect band gap semiconductor, but SnSi and SnGe are direct band gap ones. Optical properties are investigated for two different polarization of light. In all structures considered in this study, the optical properties are anisotropic with respect to the polarization of light. While optical properties exhibit features at low energies for parallel polarization, there is sort of broad band at higher energies after 5 eV for perpendicular polarization of the light. This anisotropy is due to the 2D nature of the structures. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.Show more