Browsing Faculty of Humanities and Letters by Author "Akkoyunlu Wigley, A."
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
Results Per Page
Item Open AccessThe impact of regime-type on health: does redistribution explain everything?(Cambridge University Press, 2011-09-22) Wigley, S.; Akkoyunlu Wigley, A.Many scholars claim that democracy improves population health. The prevailing explanation for this is that democratic regimes distribute health-promoting resources more widely than autocratic regimes. The central contention of this article is that democracies also have a significant pro-health effect regardless of public redistributive policies. After establishing the theoretical plausibility of the nondistributive effect, a panel of 153 countries for the years 1972 to 2000 is used to examine the relationship between extent of democratic experience and life expectancy. The authors find that democratic governance continues to have a salutary effect on population health even when controls are introduced for the distribution of health-enhancing resources. Data for fifty autocratic countries for the years 1994 to 2007 are then used to examine whether media freedom-independent of government responsiveness-has a positive impact on life expectancy. Item Open AccessAn Insurance-based model of compensatory wage determination(Hacettepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dekanlığı, 2003) Akkoyunlu Wigley, A.; Wigley, Simon; Wigley, SimonThis paper aims to provide an account of the theory of compensating wage differentials that does not factor in the worker's marginal productivity or measure her loss in terms of net disutility. It is argued that the Worker's claim to a productivity wage is undermined by the pervasive influence of luck. In addition a utility-based metric is rejected on the grounds that it reflects the existing inequality in the distribution of resources. We propose instead that compensatory wage differentials should be fair in the sense that they are envy-free. That is, no one prefers their combination of working conditions and compensatory wage to anyone else's. In order to characterize the envy-free compensatory wage we employ a hypothetical insurance market where each insuree is unaware of the job she will end up in.