Browsing Computational Electromagnetics Research Center (BiLCEM) by Author "Malas, T."
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Item Open AccessAccelerating the multilevel fast multipole algorithm with the sparse-approximate-inverse (SAI) preconditioning(Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2009) Malas, T.; Gürel, Levent; Gürel, LeventWith the help of the multilevel fast multipole algorithm, integral-equation methods can be used to solve real-life electromagnetics problems both accurately and efficiently. Increasing problem dimensions, on the other hand, necessitate effective parallel preconditioners with low setup costs. In this paper, we consider sparse approximate inverses generated from the sparse near-field part of the dense coefficient matrix. In particular, we analyze pattern selection strategies that can make efficient use of the block structure of the near-field matrix, and we propose a load-balancing method to obtain high scalability during the setup. We also present some implementation details, which reduce the computational cost of the setup phase. In conclusion, for the open-surface problems that are modeled by the electric-field integral equation, we have been able to solve ill-conditioned linear systems involving millions of unknowns with moderate computational requirements. For closed surface problems that can be modeled by the combined-field integral equation, we reduce the solution times significantly compared to the commonly used block-diagonal preconditioner. Item Open AccessAnalysis of dielectric photonic-crystal problems with MLFMA and Schur-complement preconditioners(IEEE, 2011-01-13) Ergül, Özgür; Malas, T.; Gürel, Levent; Gürel, Levent; Ergül, ÖzgürWe present rigorous solutions of electromagnetics problems involving 3-D dielectric photonic crystals (PhCs). Problems are formulated with recently developed surface integral equations and solved iteratively using the multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA). For efficient solutions, iterations are accelerated via robust Schur-complement preconditioners. We show that complicated PhC structures can be analyzed with unprecedented efficiency and accuracy by an effective solver based on the combined tangential formulation, MLFMA, and Schur-complement preconditioners. Item Open AccessIterative near-field preconditioner for the multilevel fast multipole algorithm(Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2010-07-06) Gürel, Levent; Malas, T.; Gürel, LeventFor iterative solutions of large and difficult integral-equation problems in computational electromagnetics using the multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA), preconditioners are usually built from the available sparse near-field matrix. The exact solution of the near-field system for the preconditioning operation is infeasible because the LU factors lose their sparsity during the factorization. To prevent this, incomplete factors or approximate inverses can be generated so that the sparsity is preserved, but at the expense of losing some information stored in the near-field matrix. As an alternative strategy, the entire near-field matrix can be used in an iterative solver for preconditioning purposes. This can be accomplished with low cost and complexity since Krylov subspace solvers merely require matrix-vector multiplications and the near-field matrix is sparse. Therefore, the preconditioning solution can be obtained by another iterative process, nested in the outer solver, provided that the outer Krylov subspace solver is flexible. With this strategy, we propose using the iterative solution of the near-field system as a preconditioner for the original system, which is also solved iteratively. Furthermore, we use a fixed preconditioner obtained from the near-field matrix as a preconditioner to the inner iterative solver. MLFMA solutions of several model problems establish the effectiveness of the proposed nested iterative near-field preconditioner, allowing us to report the efficient solution of electric-field and combined-field integral-equation problems involving difficult geometries and millions of unknowns. Item Open AccessSolutions of large-scale electromagnetics problems using an iterative inner-outer scheme with ordinary and approximate multilevel fast multipole algorithms(2010) Ergül, A.; Malas, T.; Gürel, Levent; Gürel, LeventWe present an iterative inner-outer scheme for the efficient solution of large-scale electromagnetics problems involving perfectly-conducting objects formulated with surface integral equations. Problems are solved by employing the multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA) on parallel computer systems. In order to construct a robust preconditioner, we develop an approximate MLFMA (AMLFMA) by systematically increasing the efficiency of the ordinary MLFMA. Using a flexible outer solver, iterative MLFMA solutions are accelerated via an inner iterative solver, employing AMLFMA and serving as a preconditioner to the outer solver. The resulting implementation is tested on various electromagnetics problems involving both open and closed conductors. We show that the processing time decreases significantly using the proposed method, compared to the solutions obtained with conventional preconditioners in the literature.