‘History of Turkey’ is a compulsory course for all Bilkent University undergraduate students. This course is designed to encourage students to work in group projects about any topic of their choice that relates to the history of Turkey. Since the beginning of 2011 Spring Semester, students from each department at Bilkent University have been presenting their group projects based on their research topics. Each of these projects shed light on a specific field of Turkish history. These projects are then examined by a panel from Bilkent University and successful projects are chosen to receive awards in the September of the following academic year.
Browsing History of Turkey by Author "Aamir, Waleejah"
The research is focused on the key events of North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s
(NATO) nuclear planning in the 1960s. The time period is chosen for two reasons. First, as the
research topic suggests, because of the significance of the Cuban Missile Crisis – the climax of
the Cold War tensions – in which Turkey, a NATO member, played the role of a mere
uninformed bargaining chip. The research, therefore, inquires on the causes that put Turkey into
this disadvantageous position and what were the consequences for the country, both long- and
short-term. Second, more generally, NATO was going through turbulent considerations of
transition into multilateralism regarding the decision to use nuclear arsenals of the alliance.
Although the warheads were located on territories of all European allies, up to that point the
United States (US) possessed a monopoly on the decision of initiating a strike. And despite the
dissatisfaction with this unilateral hegemony being felt by all of the allies, the attempts of
negotiating multilateralism were led by a select few: most notably the US, the United Kingdom
(UK), and France. Once again, Turkey occupied a backseat in decision-making. The research
aims to inquire on how this position was manifested, and possibly challenged, in Turkey’s
participation in the one and only NATO attempt to implement a multilateral nuclear fleet: a
mixed-manned demonstration aboard a US destroyer ship Biddle, later recommissioned as
Claude V. Ricketts. Therefore, the research's geo-political scope spans NATO, focusing
primarily on European members in closest cooperation – or at times hostility – with Turkey.