Downlink data rate, energy and spectral efficiency distribution in heterogeneous networks with cell-edge located small cells
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In this paper, the probability distributions of per user downlink data rate, spectral efficiency (SE) and energy efficiency (EE) are analytically derived for a heterogeneous network model with cell-edge located small cells. The high accuracies of analytically derived cumulative distribution functions (CDF) are verified using distributions obtained via simulations. CDF expressions are then used in order to optimize key performance indicators (KPI) which are selected here as 10th percentile downlink data rate (R10), spectral efficiency (SE10) and energy efficiency (EE10). In addition to optimizing KPIs separately, we also investigate the variation of the KPIs with respect to each other employing the analytically derived distributions. The results show that the resource allocation parameter values maximizing R10 are very close to the values that maximize EE10. However, the values that are optimal for EE10 and R10 are not optimal for SE10, which demonstrates the EE and SE trade-off in HetNets.
Downlink data rate distribution
Spectral efficiency/energy efficiency trade-off