The vortical environment: the fifth in the emery-trist levels of organizational environments
University of Pennsylvania Press
203 - 229
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The social engagement of social science, a tavistock anthology: the socio-ecological perspective
This paper develops a conceptual scheme to extend the Emery-Trist levels of organizational environments to a fifth level consistent with premises laid in their milestone paper (Emery and Trist, Ig6S/Vol. III). The mounting evidence of maladaptive responses to turbulent environments is the second reason for undertaking this challenge. More specifically, the prevalence of stalemate, polarization, and monothematic dogmatism-the second-order maladaptive responses to the turbulent environment-leads to the frozen or clinched order of connectedness as well as unevenly turbulent conditions. Consequently, a different causal texture of an organizational environment can be added to the previous levels (placed, random; placid, clustered; disturbed-reactive; and turbulent).
Published Version (Please cite this version)https://doi.org/10.9783/9781512819069-011