Threats and solutions for genomic data privacy
Medical Data Privacy Handbook
Springer International Publishing
463 - 492
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Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/38364
With the help of rapidly developing technology, DNA sequencing is becoming less expensive. As a consequence, the research in genomics has gained speed in paving the way to personalized (genomic) medicine, and geneticists need large collections of human genomes to further increase this speed. Furthermore, individuals are using their genomes to learn about their (genetic) predispositions to diseases, their ancestries, and even their (genetic) compatibilities with potential partners. This trend has also caused the launch of health-related websites and online social networks (OSNs), in which individuals share their genomic data (e.g., OpenSNP or 23andMe). On the other hand, genomic data carries much sensitive information about its owner. By analyzing the DNA of an individual, it is now possible to learn about his disease predispositions (e.g., for Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s), ancestries, and physical attributes. The threat to genomic privacy is magnified by the fact that a person’s genome is correlated to his family members’ genomes, thus leading to interdependent privacy risks. Thus, in this chapter, focusing on our existing and ongoing work on genomic privacy carried out at EPFL/LCA1, we will first highlight the threats for genomic privacy. Then, we will present the high level descriptions of our solutions to protect the privacy of genomic data and we will discuss future research directions. For a description of the research contributions of other research groups, the reader is referred to Chaps. 16 and 17 of the present volume. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.