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dc.contributor.authorCuhadar E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKaarbo, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKesgin, B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTaner, B. O.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-12T11:06:37Z
dc.date.available2018-04-12T11:06:37Z
dc.date.issued2017en_US
dc.identifier.issn1408-6980
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11693/37229
dc.description.abstractExplanations of states' security decisions prioritise structural - systemic, institutional and cultural - constraints that characterise foreign security decisions as a function of external/international, domestic/institutional, or normative/cultural factors. By examining Turkey's 1990-1991 and 2003 Iraq war decisions systematically, we problematise this prioritisation of structure, and we investigate the dynamic relationship between structural constraints and leaders in their decision-making environments. In these cases, while the structural constraints remain constant or indeterminate, the decision outcomes and the decision-making process differ significantly. Our findings, based on structured-focused comparison, process tracing, and leadership trait analysis, suggest that the leaders' personalities and how they react to constraints account for this difference and that dependence on only one set of factors leads to an incomplete understanding of security policies and international politics. We contribute to the broader understanding of leaders' personalities by suggesting that self-confidence and cognitive complexity are the key traits distinguishing leaders' orientations towards structural constraints. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Ltd.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.source.titleJournal of International Relations and Developmenten_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1057/jird.2014.31en_US
dc.subjectForeign policyen_US
dc.subjectIraq warsen_US
dc.subjectLeadership trait analysisen_US
dc.subjectPolitical personalityen_US
dc.subjectTurkeyen_US
dc.subjectDecision makingen_US
dc.subjectLeadershipen_US
dc.subjectNational securityen_US
dc.subjectWaren_US
dc.subjectIraqen_US
dc.titleExamining leaders' orientations to structural constraints: Turkey's 1991 and 2003 Iraq war decisionsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.departmentDepartment of Political Science
dc.citation.spage29en_US
dc.citation.epage54en_US
dc.citation.volumeNumber20en_US
dc.citation.issueNumber1en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1057/jird.2014.31en_US
dc.publisherPalgrave Macmillan Ltd.en_US


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