An equivalent circuit model for nested split-ring resonators
Demir, Hilmi Volkan
Ertürk, V. B.
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
3733 - 3743
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In this paper, an equivalent circuit model for nested split-ring resonators (NSRRs) is proposed. NSRRs are an emerging class of split ring resonators, preferred in a range of areas from sensing in biomedical or civil engineering applications to antenna design, due to their more compact size and enhanced sensitivity/resolution characteristics over the conventional SRRs. In the proposed model, the NSRR structure is treated as a combination of basic elements, i.e., strips and gaps, and the electromagnetic characteristics of the whole geometry are expressed in terms of capacitances and inductances of each of these elements. The outputs of the model are compared with those obtained via full-wave simulations using the package programs as well as measurements. The variation of NSRR resonance frequency (fres) with all important design parameters is also compared with full-wave simulations. In all comparisons, the results demonstrate agreement, showing that the proposed model can correctly explain the electromagnetics of the NSRR structure and that it provides an intuitive way for a better and easier analysis and a preliminary design of normally complex structures.
KeywordsEquivalent circuit model
Nested split-ring resonator (NSRR)
Split-ring resonator (SRR)
Wireless passive sensor