“Nanotraps” in porous electrospun fibers for effective removal of lead(II) in water
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Royal Society of Chemistry
2484 - 2493
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Here, we have put in conscientious effort to demonstrate the careful design of binding sites in fibers and their stability for enhanced adsorption of metal ions, which has proven to be a challenging task until now. Dithiothreitol capped gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) are successfully encapsulated into a cavity in the form of pores in electrospun porous cellulose acetate fibers (pCAFs) and their assembly creates a "nanotrap" for effective capture of Pb2+. The enhanced immobilization capacity of AuNCs into the interiors of the fibers and their non-aggregated nature offer enhanced adsorption sites, thus reaching maximum extraction capacity up to 1587 mg g-1 for Pb2+. The remarkable finding from this approach has shown that the diffusion of Pb2+ into the interiors of the AuNC encapsulated porous cellulose acetate fiber (pCAF/AuNC) is in line with the penetration depth of AuNCs. The effectiveness of the pCAF/AuNC has been compared with that of the AuNC decorated non-porous cellulose acetate fibers (nCAF/AuNC). The findings have shown a remarkable improvement in the adsorption efficiency by increasing the availability and stability of adsorption sites in the pCAF/AuNC. We strongly believe that the proposed approach might provide a new insight into developing nanotraps to eliminate the usual limitations including denaturation of adsorbents on supported matrices. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.
Cellulose acetate fibers
Lead removal (water treatment)
Published Version (Please cite this version)https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ta09166g
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